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Chapter 3 - Abdomen

Which kidney is usually demonstrated inferiorly? right
What causes the inferior location of the right kidney? located under liver
List four anatomic structures that when optimally demonstrated ensure that the best possible technical data were used on AP abdominal projections. psoas major muscle, kidneys, inferior ribs, lumbar transverse processes
State how the milliampere-seconds (mAs) or kV level is adjusted for AP abdominal projections of a patient who has a large amount of bowel gas. 30-50% decrease in mAs 5-8% decrease in kV
List four possible patient conditions that may require an increase in the routine exposure to obtain adequate IR exposure. obesity, soft tissue masses, bowel obstruction, ascites
Explain why abdominal organs are not well defined on neonatal and infant AP projections. little intrinsic fat is present to outline the organs
To best demonstrate intraperitoneal air, how long should the patient be positioned upright before the projection is taken? 5-10 minutes
From full inspiration to expiration, the diaphragm moves from an (inferior/superior) position. inferior
What respiration is used for an AP abdominal projection? expiration
For an AP (decubitus) abdominal projection, the ______ side of the patient is positioned against the imaging table or cart. left
To obtain optimal intraperitoneal air demonstration, the patient should remain in the decubitus position for ____to____minutes before the image is taken. 5 to 20
Intraperitoneal air is most often found beneath the ______ __________ on an AP (decubitus) abdominal projection with proper positioning. right hemidiaphragm
What respiration is used for an AP (decubitus) abdominal projection? expiration
Created by: ashollings