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# 2021-2022 HISTORY

### UNIT 1: Map & Globe Skills Vocabulary

Vocabulary WordDefinition
globe a small representation of Earth in the shape of a sphere
compass rose a symbol on a map that shows directions
latitude imaginary lines on a map or globe that run west to east and show distance from the Equator (also called parallels)
longitude imaginary lines on a map or globe that run north to south and show distance from the Prime Meridian (also called meridians)
legend or map key shows what each symbol on a map means
Equator the imaginary line that runs west to east, and cuts the Earth into the northern and southern hemispheres
Prime Meridian the imaginary line that runs north to south, and cuts the Earth into the western and eastern hemispheres
map grid a system used to locate places on a map by dividing the map into squares (simplified version of latitude & longitude)
cardinal directions north, south, east, west
intermediate directions NE, NW, SE, SW
map scale shows distance on a map (often uses inches or centimeters to represent miles or kilometers)
Tropic of Cancer located approximately 23 degrees north of the Equator
Tropic of Capricorn located approximately 23 degrees south of the Equator
inset map smaller map within a larger map
hemisphere half of a sphere
Created by: pcsteacher6

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