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Areas of Practice

Lesson 14: Housing

Tenement House Act of 1867 Started in New York. Ordinance required new tenement buildings to provide a narrow air shaft between adjacent structures, windows that open into the shaft, two toilets on each floor, and a one square yard window in each room
Jacob Rils Published How to Other Half Lives in 1980. Highlighted the plight of the poor to New York.
Tenement House Law of 1901 Enacted in New York State. Outlawed dumbbell tenements. The new housing code was vigorously enforced by the city
Neighborhood Unit Concept Clarence Perry (1920). As part of of the New York Regional Plan. Defines neighborhoods based on a five minute walking radius.
Public Works Administration (PWA) Large-scale public works construction agency. Great Depression was combated through the PWA created in 1934 - was part of the New Deal
National Housing Act Passed by congress in 1935. It established the Federal Housing Administration with the purpose of insuring home mortgages.
Resettlement Administration New deal funds to develop new towns in 1935. Greendale, WI, Greenhills, OH and Greenbelt, MD are in existence today
US Housing Act Passed in 1937. Provided $500 million in home loans for the development of low-cost housing. This act tied slum clearance to public housing.
Servicemen's Readjustment Act Passed in 1944. Commonly known as the GI Bill. Guaranteed home loans to veterans. The result was the rapid development of suburbs.
Housing Act of 1954 Called for slum prevention and urban renewal. Additionally, the Act provided funding for planning for cities under 25,000 population.
Housing Act of 1959 Made Federal matching funds available for comprehensive planning at the metropolitan, regional, state, and interstate levels
Housing Act of 1961 Provided interest subsidies to nonprofit organization, limited-dividend corporations, cooperatives, and public agencies for the construction of public housing projects for low and moderate income families for rent
US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Was formed through the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965. Instituted several major expansions in federal housing programs.
Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 Provided for the construction of six million subsidized housing units. The Act also authorized monthly subsidies for private houses for low income families.
Pruit-Igoe Project In 1972, was demolished in Saint Louis. Demolition of this public housing project marked a shift away from high-rise concentrated public housing
Community Development Block Grant Program (CDBG) Was created under the Housing and Community Development Act. Grant program provides great flexibility for communities to use these federal funds for the improvement of blighted areas.
National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Act of 1974 Regulated manufactured housing units and prohibited municipalities from regulating manufactured homes through the building code
Urban Development Action Grant Program (UDGA) Was authorized urban the 1977 amendments to the 1974 Housing and Community Development Act. the UDGA program promoted public-private partnerships for redevelopment of urban areas. Also required intergovernmental cooperation in the placement of projects.
National Affordable Housing Act of 1990 Created the HOME program which provides funds for housing rehabilitation.
HOPE VI Congress passed in 1992. Grant program fund were used for the redevelopment of severely distressed housing. It also allowed for the demolition of public housing as well as the construction for new public housing.
Consolidated Plan Began in 1995. The HUD required local communities to prepare a consolidated plan in order to receive funding from a number of HUD programs.
Sweat Equity Interest or increased value in a property earned from labor put towards the restoration of a property . Example: Habitat for Humanity
Urban Home Steading Used to encourage residents to occupy and renovate vacant properties. Example: Detriot
Workforce Housing Ensures that teachers, nurses, police officers, and others can afford housing in the community
By 2030 how many people are expected to be over the age of 65? 20% of the population
Community Development Banks Banks certified by the US Department of Treasury. These operate with a focus on economic development in low to moderate income areas.
Colonias Unincorporated subdivisions with little or no infrastructure that are sold to low-income individuals. Located in AZ, CA, NM and TX & mainly to Hispanic peoples
Created by: amshinn18
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