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9Sci CH25

9th Science CH25 Energy Sources

fractional distillation a process based on boiling points used in oil refineries to separate the chemical compounds in crude oil into gasoline, kerosene, and other products
geothermal energy thermal energy source located far below Earth’s crust
hydroelectricity electricity produced by the energy of moving water
NIMBY Not In My BackYard; a point of view that supports an issue such as nuclear generation of electricity as long as it does not take place close to home
nonrenewable resource resources such as coal, oil, and natural gas, which cannot be replaced after they are used up
nuclear reactor a device that generates electricity from a controlled nuclear fission chain reaction
nuclear waste radioactive by-products from nuclear power generation, nuclear medicine, and so one; storing nuclear waste is a political and environmental problem
petroleum crude oil; formed by decaying remains of plants and animals; a fossil fuel that is burned and used to make lubricants and plastics
photovoltaic cell a device used to convert solar energy directly into electrical energy; also called a solar cell
tidal energy energy produced by the rise and fall of ocean levels; used to generate electricity