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Chest and Abdomen

RAD Positioning

QuestionAnswer
CR Location for an AP Chest 3-4" below the jugular notch and perpendicular to the long axis of the sternum
TRUE or FALSE: The diaphragm is at its lowest position when the patient is erect and on full inspiration. TRUE
TRUE or FALSE: COPD is an additive disease process FALSE
Is Ascites an additive or destructive disease process? Additive
Pathology best demonstrated on an expiration chest? Pneumothorax
Position/projection best demonstrating the apices free of clavicular superimposition. AP or Apical Lordotic
Mediastinal structures Heart, great vessels, esophagus, trachea and thymus gland
Pos/Proj's of the abdomen that must include the diaphragm Upright, Lt. Lat Decub, Ventral or Dorsal Decub or Lateral Abd
A Rt Lat Decub chest will best demonstrate air or fluid if the Rt lung is the area of interest? Fluid
Area where the right and left main stem bronchus bifurcate Carina
Rotation on the PA chest is seen as Unequal distance of the SC joints from the spine
Is a patient more likely to aspirate into the right lung or the left lung? Why? Right, because it is wider and more vertical
Breathing instructions for a chest Second full inspiration
Breathing instructions for abdominal radiography Expiration
Three parts of the pharynx Naso, Oro and Laryngo
Blood in the pleural cavity Hemothorax
Narrow, shallow thorax, that is long vertically indicates what body habitus Asthenic
Indicates a good inspiratory chest x-ray 10 posterior ribs above the diaphragm
TRUE or FALSE: A grid is optional for adult abdominal imaging FALSE
CR for the upright abdomen? What must be included on the image? 2" above the iliac crest and to the MSP. Diaphragm
What anatomical part must be included on the KUB? Symphysis Pubis
Spongy substance lung tissue is made up of Parenchyma
Inner lining of the pleural cavity Pulmonary or visceral pleura
An occupational lung disease Anthracosis (black lung), Asbestosis or Silicosis (quartz)
Performed when a patient is unable to stand for an erect abdomen Lt Lat decub abdomen
Gland that functions through puberty and lies above and anterior to the heart Thymus
Central area of each lung best seen on a Lat where bronchi, blood vessels, lymph vessels and nerves enter and leave the lungs Hilum
Routine for the AAS PA Chest, Upright Abdomen, KUB
TRUE or FALSE: The Bladder, uterus and IVC are Infraperitoneal structures. FALSE. The Bladder is, the uterus passes into the peritoneal cavity, and the IVC is retroperitoneal
TRUE or FALSE: The liver occupies most of the RUQ TRUE
When positioning for a decub, how long should the patient be in position for the air to rise 5-20 minutes
To what part of the lung does the vertebral prominens correspond? Apices
Why is the erect position preferred for Chest imaging? Demonstrates air/fluid levels, drops diaphragm to lowest position, prevents engorgement of pulmonary vessels
Telescoping of the bowel into itself causing obstruction Intussusception
Created by: EHodgis