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Areas of Practice

Lesson 9: Hazard, Mitigation, and Resiliency Planning

QuestionAnswer
Hazard Mitigation Defined by the Federal Emergency Management Act - any action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from natural hazards
Adaptation Adjustment of human and natural systems to response to actual or expected effect of climate change
Major Disaster Stafford Disaster Relief Act: any natural catastrophe, regardless of cause, any fire, flood, or explosion, in any part of the US. which the determinations of the president causes damage to sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant major disaster relief
Emergency Any occasion or instance for which Federal assistance is needed to supplement state and local efforts and capabilities to save lives and protect property and public health and safety
Hazard Mitigation Includes the actions taken to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk to life and property from natural hazards
Safe Growth Building environments that are safe for current and future generations, protecting buildings, infrastructure and the natural environment from damage
Resilience Refers to the ability of a community to return to its original form after it has changed
Substantial Damage Cost of restoring structure to it before damage condition would equal or exceed 50 percent of the market value or replacement cost of the structure before the damage occurred
Substantial Improvement Any reconstruction, rehabilitation addition, or other improvement of a structure
Role of planners in hazard mitigation and disaster management 1. Prepare complimentary goals and objectives in the comprehensive plan 2. Engage in damage assessment following a disaster
1950 Federal Disaster Relief Act Authorizing the President to provide supplementary Federal assistance when a Governor requested help and the President approved the request by declaring a major disaster
1966 Disaster Relief Act Update existing legislation and expand Federal assistance into the recovery arena
1968 National Floor Insurance Act Creation of the National Flood Insurance Program
1969 Disaster Relief Act Federal government works to help individuals through relief and rehabilitation efforts and to assist State and local governments by restoring public facilities essential to community life
Disaster Assistance Act of 1970 This bill establishes a permanent, comprehensive program to extend emergency relief and necessary assistance to individuals, organizations, businesses, and States and local communities suffering from major disasters
1973 Flood Disaster Protection Act To expand the national flood insurance program by substantially increasing limits of coverage and total amount of insurance authorized to be outstanding and by requiring known flood-prone communities to participate in the program, and for other purposes
1974 Disaster Relief Act Established the process of presidential disaster declarations.
1977 Earthquake Hazards and Reduction Act Statute formulating a national policy to diminish the perils of earthquakes in the United States
1979 Creation of Federal Emergency Management Agency The agency's primary purpose is to coordinate the response to a disaster that has occurred in the United States and that overwhelms the resources of local and state authorities
1988 Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act Designed to bring an orderly and systemic means of federal natural disaster assistance for state and local governments in carrying out their responsibilities to aid citizens.
1994 National Flood Insurance Act Provides tools to make the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) more effective in achieving its goals of reducing the risk of flood damage to properties and reducing Federal expenditures for uninsured properties that are damaged by floods.
2000 Disaster Mitigation Act Provides the legal basis for FEMA mitigation planning requirements for State, local and Indian Tribal governments as a condition of mitigation grant assistance. Required to create disaster mitigation plan.
2002 Homeland Security Act Enacted after 9/11. Composed of several different divisions that work to protect the United States from domestic and foreign terrorism
National Flood Disaster Insurance Program (NIFP) FEMA encourages communities to undertake floodplain management programs that consider a number of factors that provide for a more comprehensive approach to flood management
Community Rating System (CRS) Offers incentives, in forms of premium reduction to policy holders, for communities to perform a series of point-garnering activates that are assumed to strengthen local floodplain manangement
Created by: amshinn18