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Unit 1a.2

Science Inquiry Key Terms 2017 - 2018

Hypothesis A statement that explains or makes generalizations about a set of facts or principles, usually forming a basis for possible experiments to confirm its viability
Scientific Theory A set of statements or principles devised to explain a group of facts or phenomena. Most theories that are accepted by scientists have been repeatedly tested by experiments and can be used to make predictions about natural phenomena
Law A phenomenon of nature that has been proven to invariably occur whenever certain conditions exist or are met
Experiment A scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a hypothesis, or demonstrate a known fact.
Metric System The decimal measuring system based on the meter, liter, and gram as units of length, capacity, and weight or mass.
Dependent Variable A dependent variable is what you measure in the experiment and what is affected during the experiment.
Independent Variable A variable that is intentionally changed to observe its effect on the dependent variable.
Control Variable A variable that is held constant in order to assess or clarify the relationship between two other variables.
Phenomena A fact or situation that is observed to exist or happen, especially one whose cause or explanation is in question
Skepticism An attitude of doubt
Investigation Detailed or careful examination of the facts
Apparatus A tool or piece of equipment used for specific activities
Technique A way of carrying out a particular task
Protocol A plan for a scientific experiment or for medical treatment
Created by: darrin_evans