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Pharmacology Unit 1

TermDefinition
Therapeutic Classification Classification that describes the reason for use; i.e., antihypertensive
Pharmacologic Classification Classification that describes the mechanism of action at the cellular level; i.e., vasodilator
Prototype Drug A well studied drug by which other drugs in the same class can be compared
Chemical Name name assigned to a drug based on its chemical and physical properties; name assigned by IUPAC
Generic Name name assigned to a drug by the U.S. Adopted Name Council
Trade/Brand Name name assigned to a drug by manufacturer
excipients inactive ingredients
bioavailability the physiological ability of a drug to reach its target cells and produce its effect
first pass effect the breaking down of medications in the stomach and liver prior to entering the blood stream
teratogenic drug a drug known to produce adverse effects in a developing embryo/fetus
pharmacology the study of medicines
adverse event an acute and uncommon reaction to a medication
medication a drug that has been administered
mechanism of action the manner in which a drug works on the body
therapeutic a drug concerned with the prevention of disease and treatment of suffering
anaphylaxis an acute, life-threatening reaction to an antigen to which the body is hypersensitive (allergy)
allergic reaction a reaction whereby the body overreacts to a foreign substance
Pharmacotherapeutics the application of drugs for the purpose of treating disease/alleviating suffering
biologics drugs that are naturally produced by animal cells, microorganisms, or by the body (i.e., vaccines, blood products, interferon)
Complimentary and Alternative Medicines (CAMs) plants, herbs, supplements, vitamins; chiropractic, acupuncture, yoga, PT, etc
combination drug a drug that contains more than one active ingredient; i.e., Norco
Formulary a list of drugs and drug recipes
Pharmacopoeia a reference summarizing standards of drug strength, purity, and directions for synthesis
Five Rights of Drug Administration right patient, right med, right dose, right route of administration, and right time of delivery... and RIGHT DOCUMENTATION!
Three Checks of Drug Administration 1) Check with MAR when removing from storage 2) Check when preparing, pouring, or mixing 3) Check just before administering
Blackbox Warning a warning on a medication to warn providers of potential serious or life-threatening effects
controlled substance a drug whose manufacture and use is regulated by the government due to dependence or abuse risk
scheduled drugs the classification of controlled substances based on therapeutic use, dependence risk, and abuse risk
single order a drug to be given once at a specific time; i.e., a preoperative order
STAT order a drug to be given immediately, only once, in event of an emergency; given within 5 minutes of order
ASAP order a drug to be given as soon as possible; given within 30 minutes of order
prn order a drug to be given as needed
routine order orders not written as STAT, ASAP, or NOW, usually within 2 hours
standing order orders written in anticipation of a patient's need based on specific condition or procedure; i.e., postoperative order
compliance taking a medication in the manner prescribed by the health care provider or on product label
Federal Drug Administration federal agencies that regulates all drugs on market
pharmacoeconomics economic considerations when choosing a drug therapy; takes into account cost of med to pt as well as cost to provider, lawmakers, and drug manufacturers
informed consent having enough knowledge about a med or treatment to make autonomous choice
physiological dependence an altered physical state caused by the adaptation of the nervous system to repeated drug use
psychological dependence when an individual feels strongly compelled to consider using a drug; usually no signs of physical discomfort
withdrawal the physical signs expressed in the absence of a dependency-associated drug
side effect a non-therapeutic reaction to a drug; example: constipation with opiate pain killers
enteric route a drug given orally and those administered through NG and G tubes
enteric-coated a waxy coating on caps/tablets to prevent breakdown in the acidic stomach; they will break down in the alkaline small intestine where they are better absorbed
sustained-release (SR) tablets designed to dissolve slowly, thereby delivering longer duration of action and requiring fewer doses
sublingual route medication delivered under the tongue to dissolve slowly
buccal route
Created by: Lauren_IBCLC
 

 



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