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VW level A unit 1~20

vocabulary workshop level A

QuestionAnswer
adverse (adj.) unfavorable, negative; working against, hostile
arid (adj.) extremely dry; uninteresting, dull
assailant (n.) a person who attacks violently (with blows or words)
billow (n.) a large wave; (v.) to rise or swell like a wave
confront (v.) to meet face-to-face, especially as a challenge; come to grips with
constrain (v.) to force, compel; to restrain, hold back
contemporary (adj.) belonging to the same period of time as oneself; (n.) a person of the same time
depict (v.) to portray; to represent or show in the form of a picture
disininterested (adj.) fair-minded, free from selfish motives; indifferent
encompass (v.) to encircle, go or reach around; to enclose; to include with a certain group or class
groundless (adj.) without any good reason or cause; justified
hypocrite (n.) a person who pretends to be what he or she is not or better than he or she really is; a two-faced person
incomprehensible (adj.) impossible to understand
manipulate (v.) to handle or use skillfully; to manage or control for personal gain or advantage
maximum (n.) the greatest possible amount or degree; (adj.) reaching the greatest possible amount or degree
mimic (n.) a person who does imitations; (v.) to imitate; to make fun of
ruffle (v.) to wrinkle, make uneven; to annoy, upset; to flip through; (n.) a gathered strip of material used for trimming edges; a ripple; a low drumbeat
serene (adj.) peaceful, calm; free of emotional upset; clear and free of storm; majestic, grand
sheepish (adj.) embarrassed; resembling a sheep in meekness, timid
stamina (n.) the strength needed to keep going or overcome physical or mental strain; staying power
adverse (adj.) unfavorable, negative; working against, hostile
arid (adj.) extremely dry; uninteresting, dull
assailant (n.) a person who attacks violently (with blows or words)
billow (n.) a large wave; (v.) to rise or swell like a wave
confront (v.) to meet face-to-face, especially as a challenge; come to grips with
constrain (v.) to force, compel; to restrain, hold back
contemporary (adj.) belonging to the same period of time as oneself; (n.) a person of the same time
depict (v.) to portray; to represent or show in the form of a picture
disininterested (adj.) fair-minded, free from selfish motives; indifferent
encompass (v.) to encircle, go or reach around; to enclose; to include with a certain group or class
groundless (adj.) without any good reason or cause; justified
hypocrite (n.) a person who pretends to be what he or she is not or better than he or she really is; a two-faced person
incomprehensible (adj.) impossible to understand
manipulate (v.) to handle or use skillfully; to manage or control for personal gain or advantage
maximum (n.) the greatest possible amount or degree; (adj.) reaching the greatest possible amount or degree
mimic (n.) a person who does imitations; (v.) to imitate; to make fun of
ruffle (v.) to wrinkle, make uneven; to annoy, upset; to flip through; (n.) a gathered strip of material used for trimming edges; a ripple; a low drumbeat
serene (adj.) peaceful, calm; free of emotional upset; clear and free of storm; majestic, grand
sheepish (adj.) embarrassed; resembling a sheep in meekness, timid
stamina (n.) the strength needed to keep going or overcome physical or mental strain; staying power
barrage (n.) a rapid, large-scale outpouring of something
bigot (n.) an intolerant, prejudiced or biased person
designate (v.) to indicate, point out; to appoint (adj.) selected but not yet installed
diversity (v.) difference, variety; a condition of having many different types or forms
enigma (n.) someone or something that is extremely puzzling; that which can not be inderstood or explained
gloat (v.) to look at or think about with great intensity and satisfaction; to take great personal joy in
global (adj.) of, relating to, or involving the entire world; comprehensive
illusion (n.) a false idea; something that one seems to see or be aware of that really does not exist
infuriate (v.) to make very angry, enrage
motivate (v.) to provide with a reason for; to push on to some goal or course of action
pacifist (n.) one who is against war or the use of violence; (adj.) opposoing war or violence
queue (n.) a line of people waiting for somehing (such as a bus or the opening of a store); (v.) to form such a line
restrict (v.) to keep within set limits; to confine
sage (adj.) wise; (n.) a very wise person
slake (v.) to satisfy, relieve or bring to an end
terrain (n.) the landscape, especially considered with regard to its physical features or fitness for some use; a field of knowledge
vocation (n.) any trade, profession or occupation; a sense of fitness or special calling for one' work
vow (n.) a solemn or sacred promise or pledge; (v.) to declare or promise in a solemn way
waylay (v.) to lie in wait for and attack, ambush
wither (v.) to dry up, wilt, sag; to cause someone to fell ashamed, humiliated, or very small
acquit [v.] to declare not guilty, free from blame, discharge completely; to conduct or behave oneself
deem [v.] to think, belive; to consider, have an opinion
devastate [v.] to destroy, lay waste, leave in ruins
discredit [v.]to throw doubt upon, cause to be distrusted; to damage in reputation; [n.] a loss or lack of belief, confidence, or reputation
elusive [adj.] difficult to catch or hold; hard to explain or understand
generate [v.] to bring into existance; to be the cause of
idolize [v.] to worship as an idol, make an idol of; to love very much
ingratitude [n.] a lack of thankfulness
keepsake [n.] something kept in memory of the giver; a souvenir
mortal [n.] a being that must eventually die; [adj.] of or relating to such a being; causing death, fatal; possible, conceivable
ovation [n.] an enthusiastic public welcome, an outburst of applause
petty [adj.] unimportant, trivial; narrow-minded; secondary in rank, minor
plight [n.] a sorry condition or state; [v.] to pledge, promise solemnly
repent [v.] to feel sorry for what one has done or has failed to do
reverie [n.] a daydream; the condition of being lost in thought
revocation [n.] the act or instance of calling back, an annulment, cancellation
scan [v.] to examine closely; to look over quickly but thoroughly; to analyze the rhythm of a poem; [n.] an examination
strand [n.] a beach or shore; a string of wire, hair etc.; [v.] to drive or run aground; to leave in a hopeless position
strife [n.] bitter disagreement; fighting, struggle
topple [v.] to fall forward; to overturn, bring about the downfall of
acute [adj.] with a sharp point; keen and alert; sharp and severe; rising quickly to a high point and lasting for a short time
bluster [v.] to talk or act in a noisy or threatening way; to blow in stormy gusts; [n.] speech that is loud and threatening
bungle [v.] to act or work clumsily and awkwardly; to ruin something through clumsiness
commentary [n.] a series of notes clarifying or explaining something; an expression of opinion
duration [n.] the length of time that something continues or lasts
eerie [adj.] causing fear cause of strangeness; weird, mysterious
facet [n.] one aspect or side of a subject or problem; one of the cut surfaces of a gem
fidelity [n.] the state of being faithful; accuracy in details, exactness
fray [n.] a brawl, a noisy quarrel; [v.]to wear away by rubbing; make ragged or worn; to strain irritate
headstrong [adj.] willful, stubborn
inhabitant [n.] one living permanently in a given place
numb [adj.] having lost the power of feeling or movement; [v.] to dull the feelings of; to cause to lose feeling
pacify [v.] to make peaceful or calm; to soothe
ravenous [adj.] greedy; very hungry; eager for satisfaction
refute [v.] to prove incorrect
remorse [n.] deep and painful regret for one's past misdeeds; pains of conscience
setback [n.] something that interferes with process; a disappointment, unexpected loss or defeat ; a step like recession in a wall
smug [adj.] overly self-satisfied, self-righteousness
synopsis [n.] a brief statement giving a general view of some subject, book, etc.; a summary
tarry [v.] to delay leaving; to linger, wait; to remain or stay for a while
agenda [n.] the program for a meeting; a list, outline, or plan of things to be considered or done
amiable [adj.] friendly, good-natured
befuddle [v.] to confuse, make stupid
blight [n.] a disease that causes plants to wither and die; a condition of disease or ruin; [v.] to destroy, ruin
boisterous [adj.] rough and noisy in a cheerful way; high-spirited
clarity [n.] clearness, accuracy
complaint [adj.] willing to do what someone else wants; obedient
conserve [v.] to preserve; to keep from being damaged, lost, or wasted; to save
debut [n.] a first public appearance; a formal entrance into society; [v.] to make a first apperance
gory [adj.] marked by bloodshed, slaughter, or violence
gross [adj.] overweight; coarse, vulgar; very noticeable; total; [n.] an overall total [ without deductions ] ; twelve dozen; [v.] to earn
induce [v.] to cause, bring about; to persuade
leeway [n.] extra space for moving along a certain route; allowance for mistakes or inaccuracies; margin of error
limber [adj.] flexible; [v.] to cause to become flexible
maze [n.] a network of paths through which it is hard to find one's way; something very mixed-up and confusing
oracle [n.] someone or something that can predict the future
partisan [n.] a strong supporter of a person, party, or cause; one whose support is unreasoning; a resistance fighter, guerrilla; [adj.] strongly supporting one side only
reimburse [v.] to pay back; to give payment for
vacate [v.] to go away from, leave empty; to make empty; to void, annul
vagabond [n.] an idle wanderer; a tramp; [adj.]wandering; irresponsible
autherize [v.] to approve or permit; to give power or authority to; Synonym-order
culprit [n.] a person who has committed a crime or is guilty of some misconduct; an offender ;Synonym-lawbreaker
dawdle [v.] to waste time; to be ikli; to spend more time in doing something that is necessary; Synonym-delay
dissect [v.] to cut appart in preperation for scientific study; to analyze with great care ;Synonym-examine
expend [v.] to pay out, tospend; to use up ;Synonym-utilize
fatality [n.] an event resulting in death; an accidental death ;Synonym-mortality
gullible [adj.] easily fooled, tricked, or cheated ;Synonym-trusting
illicit [adj.] not permitted, unlawful, improper ;Synonym-illegal
immerse [v.] to plunge or dip into a fluid; to involve deeply ;Synonym-dunk
inflammatory [adj.] causing excitment or anger; leading to violence or disorder; Synonym-provoking
memorandum [n.] a note to aid one's memory; an informal note or report (pl., memorandums or memoranda) ;Synonym- reminder
pathetic [adj.] marked by strong emotion, especialy pity and sarrow; able to move people emotionly; worthy of pity; woefully inadequate ;Synonym-pitiable
persevere [v.] to keep doing something inspite of diffaculties; to refuse to quit even when the going is tough ;Synonym- pursue
prevaricate [v.] to lie, tell an untruth; to mislead on purpose ;Synonym-fib
quash [v.] to crush, to put down completely ;Synonym-suppress
relish [n.] enjoyment or satisfaction; something that adds a pleasing flavor; [v.] to enjoy greatly ;Synonym-gusto
reminisce [v.] to recall one's past thoughts, feelings, or experiences ;Synonym-recollect
scour [v.] to clean or polish by hard rubbing; to examine with great care; to move about quikly in search of ;Synonym-scrub
tribute [n.] something done or given to show respect; a payment ;Synonym-honor
writhe [v.] to make twisting or turning movements in a way that suggests pain or struggle; Synonym-twist
affluence (n.) wealth, riches, prosperity; great abundence, plenty Synonym-opulence
arrears (n.,pl.) unpaid oroverdue depets;an unfinished duty Synonym-late
cascade (n.) a step, a waterfall; something falling or rushing forth in quantity; (v.) to flow downward (like a waterfall) Synonym-rush
cringe (v.) to shrink back or hide in fearor submissiveness Synonym-duck
crotchety (adj.) cranky, ill-tempered; full of odd whims Synonym-crabby
format (n.) the size, shape, or arrangment of something Synonym-laymat
immobile (adj.) not movable; not moving Synonym-fixed
immpassable (adj.) blocked so that nothing can go through Synonym-open
innovation (n.) something new, a change; the act of introducing or new method, idea, device, etc. Synonym-novelty
jovail (adj.) good-humored, in high spirits; merry Synonym-jolly
manacle (n., usally pl.) a handcuff, anything that chains or confines; (v.) to chain or restrain (as with handcuffs) Synonym-fetter
martail (adj.) warlike, fond of fighting; relating to ear, the army, or military life Synonym-military
minimum (n.) the smallest possable amount; (adj.) the lowest permissable or possable Synonym-least
nimble (adj.) quick and skillful in movement, agile; clever Synonym-keen
onset (n.) the beginning, start (especially of something violent and destructive); an attack, assault Synonym-outset
partition (n.) something that divides (such as a wall); the act of dividing something into parts or sections; (v.) to divide or subdivide into parts or shares Synonym-divider
perishable (adj.) likely to spiol or decay Synonym-fleeting
retrieve (v.) to find and bring back, get back; to put right, make good Synonym-recover
sinister (adj.) appearing evil or dangerous; threating evil or harm Synonym-frighting
taut (adj.) tightly drawn, tense; neat, in good order Synonym-tight
avenge (v.)to get revenge for,get even for, settle a score; to punish someone or get satisfaction for a wrong or a injury Synonym-retaliate
cede (v.) to give up, surrender; to hand over to another Synonym-yield
deluge (n.) a great flood; a heavy fall of rain; anything that comes in vast qaunity (like a flood); (v.) to flood Synonym-swamp
discretion (n.) good judgement; care in speech or action; freedom to judge or choose Synonym-tact
giddy (adj.) dizzy; light-headed; lacking serousness Synonym-faint
impact (n.) the sriking of one object against the other; the shack caused by collision; (v.) to affect, expecially forcefully Synonym-blow
intimidate (v.) to make timis or frighten by threats; to use fear to get someone to do (ornot to do) something Synonym-bully
liberate (v.) to free from bandage or domination; to realese Synonym-untie
logical (adj.) reasonable; making use of reason or good sense Synonym-sensible
misrepresent (v.) to give a false or untrue idea Synonym-distort
optional (adj.) left to one's own choice; not required Synonym-voluntary
outright (adj.) complete; insantanous; without reservation, thouroughgoing; (adj.) completely, instantanously Synonym-total
rendezvous (v.) to meet in accordance with a plan; (n.) a meeting by agreement; a meeting place Synonym-date
rotund (adj.) rounded and plump; full or rich in sound Synonym-round
saunter (v.) to stroll; walk in an easy, leisurely way; (n.) a stroll Synonym-amble
sluggish (adj.) lazy; slow-moving; not active, dull Synonym-unhurried
subordinate (adj.) lower in rank or position, secondary; (n.) one who is in a lower position or under the orders of someone else; (v.)to put in a lower or secondary position Synoynm-helper
tint (n.) a delicate color or hue; a slight trace of something; (v.) to give color to something to dye Synonym-shade
variable (adj.) likely to undergo change; changeable; (n.) a value or quanity that veries; a symbol for such Synonym-shifting
verge (n.) the piont at which something begins or happens; a border; (v.) to incline, tend toward, approach; to be in the proccess of becoming something else Synonym-brink
abominable adj; hatred or discusting
bumbling adj; awkward n; clumsiness
consequence n; result or importance
delude v; fool or diseave, mislead
dole v; to give out in small amounts n; or necesities; small portion
engulf v; swallow, overwhelm
foil v; to defeat, keep from gaining end n; sheet of metal, fencing sword, something serving as a contrast
formulate v; express definitely or systematically, devise, state as a formula
initiative n; taking of the first step, ability to act without being directed or urged
memento n; something that serves as a reminder
nonconformist n; person who refuses to follow established ideas or to do things adj; relating to the unconvectional
null and void adj; without legal force or effect, without binding
panorama n; wide unobstructed view, complete survey, a continously passing or changing scene, range or spectrum
posterity n; all future generations, all of a person's offspring
pry v; pull loose by force, look out closely, to be nosy
refurbish v; brighten, freshen, polish, restore
resourceful adj; able to deal promptly with problems, clever in finding ways and means of getting along
riggorous adj; severe, strict, thoroughly logical
subsequent adj; comming after, following in time, place, or order
unerring adj; making no mistakes, faultless or completely accurate
alias an assumed name, otherwise called
amble to walk slowly
burly big and strong
distort to give a false or misleading account of
dogged persistent, stubbornly determined
dumbfounded so amazed that one is unable to speak
extinct no longer in exsistance
fossil the petrified remains or traces of an animal
grit very fine sand or gravel, courage
inevitable sure to happen
ingrained fixed deeply and firmly
meteoric resembling a meteor
parody a ridiculous imitation
prevail to triumph over
rend to tear to pieces
replenish to fill again, to replace
rummage to search through, investigate
skimp to save to be thrifty, to give little attention to
sleuth a detective
vandalism deliberate destruction of public space
abduct to kidnap, Carry off by force
ambiguous not clear: having two or more possible meanings
balk to stop short and refuse to go on, an illegal motion made by a pitcher in baseball
compact closely and firmly packed together, An argument of two parties
confer to consult
earmark to set aside for a special purpose, mark an animals for identification
frigid extremely cold
implement an instrument tool, To put into effect
incalculable too great to be counted, unpredictable
indisputable beyond question or argument
intensive deep, thorough, showing great effort
maneuver a planned movement
sabotage an action taken to destroy something or to prevent it from working properly
scant not enough, barely enough
stealthy sneaky, done in a way so as not to be seen or observed
strapping tall, strong, and healthy
strident harsh, unpleasent sounding
thrive to grow vigorously
titanic of enormous size, streanght and power
valiant possessing or acting with bravery or boldness
adhere to stick to
affirm to declare to be true
atrocity an extremely cruel act
audition a trial hearing for a performer
cope to struggle successfully against
deter do discourage
disquieting causing uneasiness or worry
empower to give power
fluent speaking or writing easily and smoothly
lag to move slowly or fall behind
mangle to injure very seriously by cutting
misapprehension a wrong idea
optimist one who looks expects things to turn out for the best
prowl to roam about stealthily in search for something
stupefy to make stupid
sulky in a bad mood
supplement something added to complete a thing or make up for a lack
surge to have a heavy motion
trait a quality
unscrupulous dishonest
abstain (v.) to stay away from doing something by one's own choice
accommodate (v.) to do a favor or service for, help out; to provide for, supply with, to have space for; to make fit or suitable
allegiance (n.) the loyalty or obligation owed to a government, nation, or cause
amalgamate (v.) to unite; to combine elements into a unified whole
append (v.) to attach, add, or tack on as a supplement or extra item
commemorate (v.) to preserve, honor, or celebate the memory of
enumerate (v.) to count; to name one by one, list
exalt (v.) to make high in rank, power, character, or quality; to fill with pride, joy, or noble feeling; to praise, honor
extort (v.) to obtain by violence, misuse of authority, or threats
far-fetched (adj.) strained or improbable (in the sense of not being logical or believable), going far afield from a topic
glum (adj.) depressed, gloomy
replica (n.) a copy; close reproduction
responsive (adj.) answering or replying; reacting readily to requests, suggestions, etc.; showing interest and understanding
sanctuary (n.) a sacred or holy place; refuge or protection from capture or punishment; a place of refuge or protection
self-seeking (adj.) selfishly ambitious
submissive (adj.) humbly obedient; tending to give in to authority; obeying without protest
tally (v.) to count up; to keep score; to make entries for reckoning; to correspond or agree; (n.) a total or score
taskmaster (n.) one whose job it is to assign work to others; one who uses his or her power to make people work very hard
transform (v.) to change completely in appearance or form; to make into something else
upheaval (n.) a sudden, violent upward movement; great disorder or radical change
beacon light or other signal
berserk violently enraged
celestial sky or heavens; heavenly
chasten to punish; to restrain, moderate
confiscate to seize by authority; to take and keep
data information, fact
detract to take away from; reduce in value
encounter an unplanned meeting, meeting of enemies in battle
epic long poem about heroes, grand scale, vast, titanic
pantomime a play or story without words using only gestures. data information, facts figures, statistics
pessimist one who believes or expects the worst; prophet of doom
precaution care taken beforehand; a step or action taken to prevent something from happening
prosecute bring before a court of law
puncture small hole from a sharp object
retaliate to get revenge;strike back
sham fake, not genuine, false
uncouth unrefined, crude, awkward
underscore draw a line under;drawn under
wholesome heathy, moral
wistful full of meconolagy
Created by: tlrp