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Pharmacology

Exam Review

QuestionAnswer
1/12 one month
1/52 one week
ac, a.c. before meals
ASAP as soon as possible
bid, b.i.d. twice daily
cap capsule
CPS compendium of pharmaceuticals and specialties
gtt, gtts drop(s)
i, ii one, two
mg milligram
mL milliliter
npo, n.p.o. nothing by mouth
ODB Ontario Drug Benefit
OTC over the counter
ou both eyes
p.c. after meals
p.o. by mouth
prn as needed
q.a.m. every morning
Q.D., qd everyday
q.o.d. every other day
q.p.m. every night
q_h every ___ hours
qh every hour
q.i.d. four times daily
Rx prescription
sc subcutaneous
sl, SL sublingual
ss one half
stat, STAT immediately
t.i.d. three times daily
tab tablet
Tx treatment
ung ointmet
x 3 days times three days
Drug chemical substance illegal substance medication
Prescription Repeats vs Prescription Renewal repeats = continuous long term meds. renewals = extensions of prescriptions that have run out
Sustained Release substance that cause a delay in the active absorption
What can drugs be classified by? function effect body system
Classification of drugs by scope of action local = drug effects the site systemic = circulate blood system cumulative = accumulates faster than can be metabolized
Classification of drug use: Therapeutic to relieve symptoms
Classification of drug use:: Diagostic to perform diagnostic tests
Classification of drug use: Curative to overcome diasease
Classification of drug use: Replacemet to "replace" a hormone
Classification of drug use: Prophylactic to prevent or decrease severity
Four names that can be given to single drug? chemical generic trade botanical
Two methods of dispensing drugs OTC and prescription
Enteric-coated allows pills to by-pass stomach
What is a pharmacist the experts in drug information
Pharmacology the study and description of drugs, their composition, actions and effects
What is a pharmacy licensed business involved in dispensing drugs
When are drug errors more likely made? Poor handwriting and over the phone
synergism combination of two drugs that cause an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug
inhalation drugs in gaseous or vapour form through the nose or mouth
antidote agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug
stimulant agent that excites and promotes activity
antihypertensive agent that lowers blood pressure
hypnotic agent that produces sleep
iatrogenic effect that is produced as an individual sensitivy to a drug
side effect effect that routinely results from the use of a drug
parenteral by injection or intravenouos
antibiotic chemical substance that inhibits or kills foreign organisms
systemic circulation through the bloodstream
brand name commercial name for a drug trade name
tolerance drug action in which larger and larger doses must be given
emetic promotes vomiting
antiarrhythmic helps restore heart rhythm to regular cycle
anesthetic reduces or eliminates sensation
analgesic relieves pain
controlled drugs defined by federal law
sublingual given under the tongue
suppository inserted via. anus
contradictions factors in a patients condition that prevents the use of a drug
narcotic habit-forming drug that relieves pain
anaphylaxis hypersensitive reaction of the body to a foreign organism
fixed oils oils, extracted primarily from plants that do not evaporte
volatile oils oils extracted from plants that do evaporate
aerosols particles of medication suspended in air
ophthalmic relating to the eye
receptor target substance with which a drug interacts in the body
cumulative action concentration of a drug may increase with each dose, due to the half life of previous doses
half life time required to metabolize half the amount of the drug ingested
additive action total effect that two drugs gave in combination is equal to the sum of the effects of each
otic via the ear
Created by: DOVISCO