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Surgical Technologisht Pharm

TermDefinition
Absorption of the drug from the site of administration into the blood circulation (it must dissolve in body fluids to be absorbed
Adverse Effect A harmful or abnormal result. An adverse effect may be caused by administration of a medication or by exposure to a chemical and be indicated by an untoward result such as by illness or death
Agonist Any drug/chemical molecule that binds a receptor and produces an effect -The magnitude of the drug effect is proportional to the amount of drug:receptor complexes formed
Antagonist Any drug/chemical molecule that blocks the effect of an agonist
Bioavailability fraction of the dose given which finds its way into systemic circulation; "F"
Biotechnology The newest source of drugs from the laboratory; results from a process known as genetic engineering or recombinant DNA technology
Biotransformation metabolism or breaking down of drug molecules in the liver
Bolus drug dose given rapidly IV. One time rapid infusion
Contraindication reason against giving a particular drug
Distribution process of transporting medication throughout the body
Duration time between onset and disapperance of drug effects
Emulsion a mixter of water and oil bound with an emulsifier
Enteral pertaining to the GI tract, a medication administration category
Excretion process of elimination of drug molecules from the body
Hypersensitivity adverse effect/allergic reaction resulting from a previous exposure to a drug
Idiosyncratic effect rare, unpredicatble adverse reaction to a drug
Indication reason or purpose for giving a med
Local effect limited to one place/part
Onset time between administration of a drug and the first appearance of drug effects
Parenteral any medication administration route other than the alimentary canal
Pharmacodynamics study of drugs and their actions in living organisms
Pharmacokinetics the study of metabolism and action of drugs: absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion
Plasma Protein Binding the ability of drugs to attach to receptor sites on plasma proteins
Reconstituted process of mixing a semisolid substance with liquid in preparation for administration
Side Effect expected but unintended action/effect of a drug
Solubility ability of a medication form to be dissolved
Suspension undissolved chemical substances dispersed in liquid
Synergist med that enhances the effect of another drug
Systemic Effect response that affects the whole body
Topical pertaining to being applied to a surface
Controlled Substances medications that have potential for abuse
Narcotics a drug (such as opium or morphine) that in moderate doses dulls the senses, relieves pain, and induces profound sleep but in excessive doses causes stupor, coma, or convulsions
DEA Drug Enforcement Administration, an agency of the US Department of Justice; regulates interstate commerce in prescription drugs to prevent them from being used as drugs of abuse
FDA Food and Drug Administration: a federal agency responsible for monitoring trading and safety standards in the food and drug industries
The Joint Commission independent, not-for-profit group in the United States that administers voluntary accreditation programs for hospitals and other healthcare organizations. The commission develops performance standards that address crucial elements of operation, such as pa
OTC Over the Counter
PDR reference used by doctors and healthcare team members to look up prescription drug information. It is called The Physicians' Desk Reference.
USP-NF United States Pharmacopeia-National Formulary
Created by: mlarson77