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Chapter 33&34

Principles of Pharmacology and Pharmacology Math

TermDefinition
Angina Pectoris Spasm like pain in the chest caused by myocardial anoxia
Bronchodilator Drug that relaxes contractions of the smooth muscle of the bronchioles to improve lung ventilation
Cirrhosis Chronic , degenerative disease of the liver that interferes with normal liver function
Colloidal Pertaining to a glue like substance
Enteric-Coated Term that refers to an oral medication that is coated to protect the drug against the stomach juices: this design is used to ensure that the medicine is absorbed in the small intestine
Formulary List of drugs compiled by a health insurance company that identifies the drugs the insurance company will cover under benefits
Generic Medication that is not protected by a trademark
Hypercholesterolemia Elevated blood levels of cholesterol
Lumen An open space, such as within a blood vessel or the intestine, or the inside of a needle or an examining instrument
Metabolic Alkalosis Condition characterized by significant loss of acid in the body or an increased amount of bicarbonate; Can lead to coma and death if severe
Over-The-Counter (OTC) Drugs Medications sold without a prescription
Spermicide Chemical substance that kills sperm cells
Therapeutic Range The blood concentration of a drug that produces a desired effect without toxicity
Tinnitus A noise sensation of ringing heard in one or both ears
Schedule l No accepted medical use, never prescribed for use, high potential for abuse, possession of these drugs is illegal
Schedule ll Accepted for medical use but with severe restrictions, high potential for abuse, may cause psychological or physical dependence.
Schedule lll Accepted for medical use, may cause moderate to low physical dependence or high psychological dependence, includes combination drugs that contain limited amounts of narcotics or stimulants.
Schedule lV Accepted for medical use, low potential for abuse, may cause limited physical or psychological dependence compared with schedule lll drugs, includes minor tranquilizers and hypnotics.
Schedule V Accepted for medical use, low potential for abuse, may cause limited physical or psychological dependence compared with schedule lV drugs, includes drug mixtures containing limited amounts of narcotics.
Action How the drug provides therapeutic results in the body, or the use of the drug.
Indication The conditions for which the drug is used.
Contraindications
Precautions
Adverse Reactions
Dosage and Administration
How Supplied
Category A
Category B
Category C
Category D
Category X
Manufacturers Index
Brand and Generic Section
Product Category Index
Product Identification Section
General and Diagnostic Product Information Area
Diagnostic
Palliative
Prophylactic
Replacement
Therapeutic
aa
ac
ad lib
agit
am
amp
AD
AS
ASA
AU
aq
bid
C
/c
cap
CC
cc
cm
c/o
D/C
Dx
dil
disp
dr
EENT
ext
F
FDA
FE
fl
fx
gal
gm, g
gr
gtt
h
hs
HTN
Hx
INJ
ID
IM
IV
K
kg
KVO
L
lb
LR
mcg
min
med
meq
mg
mL
MLD
mn
MO
MOM
MS
MTD
NKA
noct
NPO
NS
N/V
O2
OD
0D
OS
OU
OTC
oz
pc
PL
pm
PMI
po
pr
prn
Pt
pt
pulv
qh
q2h
q3h
q4h
qid
qm
qn
qod
qs
qt
R
Rx
r/o
S, Sig
/s or w/o
SC, SQ, subQ
SOB
/ss
stat
sub-q
T, tbs
t, tsp
TAB
tid
tinct
TO
tus
ung
vag
ves
VO
VS
W/O
WNL
x
Nexium
Lipitor
Plavix
Advair Diskus
OxyContin
Abilify
Singulair
Seroquel
Crestor
Cymbalta
Actos
Lexapro
Zyprexa
Spriva
Lantus
Aricept
Lyrica
Diovan
Concerta
Levaquin
Celebrex
Diovan HCT
Januvian
Suboxone
NovoLog
Viagra
Atripla
Tricor
Provigil
Zetia
Geodon Oral
Vytorin
Ambien CR
Lunesta
Lidoderm
Lantus SoloStar
Vyvanse
Aciphex
Nasonex
Lovenox
Adderall XR
ProAir HFA
Truvada
Niaspan
Humalog
Cialis
Namenda
Symbicort
Flovent HFA
Adrenergics
Adrenergic Blockers
Analgesics
Anesthetics
Antacids
Antianxiety Agents
Antibiotics
Absorption
Distribution
Metabolism
Excretion
Anticoagulants
Anticholinergics
Anticonvulsants
Antidepressants
Antiemetics
Antifungals
Antihistamines
Antihypertensive Agents
Anti-inflammatory Agents
Antimigraine Agents
Antineoplastics
Antipsychotics
Antipruritics
Antipyretics
Antispasmodics
Antitussives
Antiviral Agents
Bronchodilators
Cathartics (Laxatives)
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Contraceptives
Decongestants
Diuretics
Expectorants
Hematopoietic Agents
Hemostatic Agents
Hormone Replacement Agents
Hypnotics (Sedatives)
Lipid-Lowering Agents
Miotics
Mydriatic Agents (Anticholinergic)
Narcotics
Oral Hypoglycemic Agents
Osteoporosis Agents
Acai
Black Cohosh
Echinacea
Flaxseed
Garlic
Ginger
Asian Ginseng
Gingko Biloba
Glucosamine Plus Chondroitin Sulfate
Melatonin
Milk Thistle (silymarin)
Saw Palmetto
St. Johns Wart
Acupuncture
Chiropractic Care
Mind Body Therapy
Homeopathic Medicine
Dispense
Nomogram
Stat
Surface Area
Unit Dose
Strength
Dose
Solute
Solvent or Diluent
Fractions
Decimals
Percent
1kg
1 kL
1g
1L
1mg
1mL
1dg
1dL
1cg
1cL
Created by: ItsRainbowBre