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Ch. 9 Sect. 2 Vocab

Europe Geography & History

TermDefinition
democracy a form of government by the people in which citizens often elect representatives to govern them
city-state an independent state made up of a city and the territories depending on it
golden age a period of great wealth, culture, and democracy in Greece
philosopher a person who examines questions about the universe and searches for the truth
republic a form of government in which officials are elected by the people to govern
patrician a wealthy landowner in ancient Rome
plebeian a farmer or lower class person in ancient Rome
barbarian a soldier or warrior considered to be culturally less developed than those being fought; the term originally comes from the German tribes who invaded the Roman Empire in A.D. 235
aqueduct a transport system for carrying water long distances, sometimes raised on a bridge
feudal system a social structure during the Middle Ages consisting of a king, lords, vassals, and serfs
serf from the 1500s to the 1800s, a poor Russian or European peasant farmer who rented land from a landlord and had few rights
perspective an artistic way of showing objects as they appear to people in terms of relative distance or depth, as if in three dimensions
indulgence a fee paid to the church to relax the penalty for a sin during the Middle Ages
Created by: ltandbob