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Common lab panels

Complete blood count (CBC) Red blood cell (RBC) x10/mcL Male 4.5-5.5 Female 4.0-4.9
White blood cells (WBC) cells/mcL 4,500-10,000
Platelets (PLT) cells/mcL 100,000-400,000
Hemoglobin (Hgb) g/dl 12-18
Hematocrit (Hct) % 37-52
Critical WBC <2,000 or > 40,000
Critical glucose <40 or > 400
Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) Sodium (Na+) mEq/L 135-145
Potassium (K+) mEq/L 3.5-5.0
Chloride (Cl-) mEq/L 96-108
Glucose fasting 70-115
Calcium Ca2+ mg/dL 8.4-10.2
Creatinine (Cr) mg/dL 0.7-1.40
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) mg/dL 7-20
Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) pH 7.35-7.45
Partial Pressure of Co2( PaCo2) mmHg 35-45
Partial Pressure of O2 (PaO2) mmHg 80-100
Bicarbonate HCO3 mEq/L 22-26
H bA1C 4-5.9%(non-diabetic) <7% (good DM control) >9% (poor DM control)
Oxygen Saturation SaO2 % 95-100
Magnesium 1.3-2.1 mEq/L
Phosphorus 3-4.5 mEq/L
Troponin L (TNL) < 0.35
Troponin T (TNT) < 0.2
CK- MB 0-3
Arterial blood gases Determines the concentration of gases
Blood culture Checks for bacteria or other microorganisms in a blood sample ( most cultures check for bacteria ) A minimum of 10 ml of blood is taken through veni puncture and injected into two or more “blood bottles”
Negative results in a blood culture indicate what? Negative results indicate that no bacteria or other micro organisms were found in the blood
Positive results in a blood culture indicate what ? Positive results indicate that bacteria or another microorganism was found in the blood
What is done following positive blood culture results ? Following positive results a sensitivity test is done to see which antibiotic can beat get rid of the bacteria
Cardiac enzyme markers Determines whether there is injury to the heart muscle
Cerebrospinal fluid CSF Looks for bacteria, fungi and viruses in the clear fluid that moves in the space surrounding the spinal cord
Normal CSF should be what ? Clear and colorless
If CSF is bloody or red what can that indicate? There could be bleeding or a spinal cord obstruction
Brown, orange or yellow CSF indicates what ?? Could indicate an infection
Coagulation screen Measures your blood ability to clot and the length of time it takes to clot
Bleeding time 1-9 minutes
Thrombin time 10-15 seconds
Prothrombin time (PT) 11-12.5 seconds (normal) or 1.5-2 ( with anticoagulant therapy)
Partial Thromboplastin time (aPTT) 30-40 seconds (normal) or 1.5-2.5 (with anticoagulant therapy)
International Normalized ratio (INR) 0.8-1.1 healthy people 2-3 (for A-fib) 3-4.5 (prosthetic valves)
•Triglycerides , 30-150 mg/dL
Total cholesterol <200 mg/dL
HDL >60 mg/dL
LDL <130 mg/dL
Neutrophils 55-70%
Lymphocytes 20-40%
Monocytes 2-8%
Eosinophils 1-4%
Basophils 0.5-1%
Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) 30-40 seconds (normal) or 1.5–2.5 ( with anticoagulant therapy)
Created by: Delishtoro85