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Ch. 2 Sect. 1 Vocab

Physical & Human Geography

solstice the pint at which the sun is farthest north or farthest south of the Equator; the beginning of summer and winter
equinox when day and night are of equal length; occurs twice each year on March 21 or 22 and September 21 or 22
tectonic plate a section of Earth's crust that floats on Earth's mantle
continental drift the slow movement of continents on tectonic plates
plain a level area on Earth's surface
plateau a plain high above sea level that usually has a cliff on all sides
continental shelf the edge of a continent that extends under water into the sea
butte a hill or mountain with steep sides and a flat top
erosion the process by which rocks and soil slowly break apart and are worn away
earthquake a shaking of Earth's crust generally caused by the collision or sliding of tectonic plates
tsunami a large, powerful ocean wave
volcano a mountain that erupts in an explosion of molten rock, gases, and ash
evaporation the process of water turning into vapor and rising into the atmosphere due to the sun's heating; part of the hydrologic cycle
condensation the process of water vapor turning into liquid droplets due to cooling in the hydrologic cycle
precipitation the process of water falling to Earth as rain, snow, or hail
Created by: ltandbob