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Ch. 1 Sect. 2 Vocab

Geographer's Toolbox

globe a three-dimensional, or spherical, model of Earth
map a two-dimensional, flat representation of Earth
latitude an imaginary line around Earth that runs east to west, showing location relative to the equator
equator an imaginary circle around Earth that is the same distance from the North and South Poles and divides Earth in half; the center or 0° line of latitude
longitude an imaginary line running north to south from the North Pole to the South Pole that shows location relative the prime meridian
prime meridian the line of 0° longitude that runs from the North to the South Pole, and passes through Greenwich, England
hemisphere one-half of Earth
scale the part of a map that indicates how big an area of Earth is shown
cartographer a mapmaker
elevation the height of a physical feature above sea level
relief the change in elevation from one place to another
projection a way of showing Earth's curved surface on a flat map
Created by: ltandbob