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P.E extension

Leisure p.a What is it? Example Physical activity done in your free time. Examples: Playing tennis with your friends after school
Household p.a What is it? Example Activities done at home Examples: Cleaning windows, vacuuming
Occupational p.a What is it? Example Physical activity performed regularly as part of work Examples: Personal trainers, gardeners, cleaner
Active transport p.a What is it? Example Physical activity performed while travelling to a specific destination Examples: Walking to school/ walk, riding
Frequency description How often the physical activity is done
Intensity Description How much effort is required
Type of activity Description Whether the activity is aerobic or anaerobic
Context Description Who you're doing the activity with and where you're doing it
Physical Benefit Physical activity benefit Helps you achieve and maintain a healthy weight, builds strong bones and muscles, improves balance, movement and coordination.
Social Benefit Physical activity benefit Promotes social skills through interactions and developes skills such as cooperation and teamwork. Creates opportunity for socialising and meeting new people
Mental/Psychological benefit Physical activity benefit Supports brain development in infants and children, encourages self confidence and independence, helps you to prevent and manage mental health problems
13-17yr old boy?girl NPAGs 60 minutes of activity everyday. Moderate to vigorous intensity and should include aerobic exercises to strengthen muscle and bone
how much electronic media for entertainment are 13-17 yr olds allowed to participate in? Sedentary behaviour guidelines No more than 2 hours a day
45yr old male/female NPAGs 150-300 minutes of moderate intensity or 75-150minutes of vigorous intensity each week. Should do muscle strengthening
Sedentary guidelines for adults? Minimise the amount of prolonged sitting and break up long periods of sitting as often as possible.
Why did Federal Government bring in these guidelines? Due to high amounts of health concerns and diseases that are preventable
2 lifestyle diseases that people who don't exercise are at a greater risk ok Obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease
Adults Barriers to physical activity lack of time, chronic health problems, cost, being a parent, married, body image, bust lifestyle, limited access.
Teenagers Barriers to physical activity Cost, body image, limited access, too tired, homework
Elderly Barriers to physical activity Chronic heath problems, disabilities, poorly designed facilities, limited access, lack of transport, lack of social support, increased risk of injury
Objective Definition & examples Physical activity with the use pf a device pr anther independent person to estimate physical activity. Examples: direct observation, pedometer, accelerometer
Subjective Definition & examples Physical activity that relies on the person recalling or remembering which activities they participated in or recalling the intensity Examples: self report/survey, diary/log
Direct observation Advantages & Disadvantages Advantages: used in a variety of settings, give information on multiple dimensions Disadvantages: difficult to use with large number, intrusive, time consuming
Pedometer Advantages & Disadvantages Advantages: cheap, small & light weight, immediate feedback Disadvantages: only assess walking, can't record and store data in real time, can't record intensity
Self report Advantages & Disadvantages Advantages: cost effective, give info on all dimensions, easily administered Disadvantages: not accurate due to social desirability bias and recall, language barrier for some participants.
Accelerometer Advantages & Disadvantages Advantages: small, light weight, can assess intensity, duration, frequency, can record movement , data can be stored. Disadvantages: expensive with large numbers, people forget to wear them
Diary/Log Advantages & Disadvantages Advantages: cost effective, give info on all dimensions, quickly administered Disadvantages: not suitable for under 10s, social desirability bias
Motor skill Definition A motor skill is any activity or task that requires voluntary head, body and/or limb movement to achieve a goal
Gross motor skill Definition & examples Requires a lot of muscular effort, involves large muscle groups, place less emphasis on precision Examples: jumping, kicking, swimming
Fine motor skill Definition & examples Minimal muscular effort, usually involve the recruitment of small muscle groups, requires precision Examples: throwing darts, bouncing a tennis ball before a serve
Discrete motor skill Definition & examples Obvious start and finish involves a single movement Examples; throwing a netball, kicking a goal
Serial motor skill Definition & examples Made up of a series of discrete motor skills Examples: gymnastics routine, tennis rally
Continuous motor skill Definition & examples Have no definite start or finish, performer determines when to end movement Examples: waling, running
Closed motor skill 3 characteristics performers is generally still, can be practiced over & over as the skill never changes, is in a stable predictable environment as the conditions are always the same
Open motor skill 3 characteristics Performer is often moving, unstable, unpredictable environment, conditions always changing, performer is forced to start an action due to what is happening elsewhere
Created by: grace.prentice