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All World Geo Vocab

All World Geography vocabulary learned throughout the year

TermDefinition
Altiplano Spanish for "high plain" a region in Peru and Bolivia encircled by the Andes peaks
Archipelago A group of islands
Cay A low bank or reef of coral, rock, or sand
Canquistador Spanish term for "conqueror" referring to soldiers who conquered Native Americans in Latin America
Favela Poor communities or slums in large cities
Indigenous Native to a place
Isthmus A narrow strip of land with sea on either side forming a link between two larger area of land
Llanos Grasslands of the Northern low latitudes of South America, that are good for farming, because of flooding
Maquiladoras Factories where parts made elsewhere are assembled into products. Mostly in Northern Mexico
Mestizos People of Native American and European descent
Migrant worker Someone who travels from place to place, working where extra help is needed (usually on a farm)
Pampas A plain of thick, fertile soil in the Andes that is great for growing crops
Panama Canal A man-made feature that cuts across the isthmus of Panama allowing ships to travel through from Atlantic to Pacific Oceans
Apartheid South African policy of strict racial segregation and discrimination
Cataract A large waterfall; areas of rivers that are broken by waterfalls and rapids
Desertification The loss of all vegetation, either naturally or by human intervention
Drought A long period of abnormally low rainfall, lasting up to several years
Erg A large, relatively flat area or desert covered with windswept sand and little to no vegetation
Escarpment A steep cliff that separates two levels of differing vegetations
Imperialism A policy by which a country increases its power by gaining control over other areas of the world
Malnutrition A disease caused by not having a healthy diet
Rift Valley A large split among a mountain system where earthquakes and volcanoes occur
Sahel A semiarid region that separates the Sahara Desert from the tropical rain forests
Souks Open air markets in North Africa
Wadi Dry riverbeds and gullies that hold waters after sudden downpours
Watershed An area or region drained by a river or large river system
Arable Land used or suitable for growing crops
Autonomy The right or condition of self-government
Bazaar A marketplace of shopping quarters commonly found throughout SouthWest Asia
Desalination The process of removing salt from water
Embargo An official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a country
Partition The action of state of dividing or being divided into parts
Minaret A tall, slender tower typically part of a mosque, with a balcony from which a muezzin calls Muslims to prayer
Monotheism The doctrine or belief that there is only one God
Polytheism The belief in or worship of more than one God
Propaganda Information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a political cause or view point
Secular Denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis
Sect A group of people with somewhat different religious beliefs from those of a larger group to which they belong
Alluvial Plain An area of fertile soil deposited by floodwaters
Aquaculture The raising and harvesting of fish or another marine life in controlled areas
Atheism The belief that there is no God
Autonomous Region An area within a country that has been given a limited degree of independence to govern itself
Boycott Refusing to buy or use certain goods
Dynasty Line of rulers from a single family
Ecotourism Touring natural environments such as rain, forests, and coral reefs
Floating Markets Found on rivers throughout South, Southeast, and East Asia; merchants connect their and customers shop by visiting individual boats
Green Revolution Using irrigation, fertilizers, and high yielding crops to increase crop yields
Heterogeneous A lack or similarities among cultures and people; A mixture of many different ethnicities
Hindi The dominant language spoken across India
Homogeneous Ethnic/culture groups that are similar or the same
Loess A fine-grained, yellow-brown silt that is carried by the wind
Monsoon The seasonal shift in the direction of prevailing winds of the Indian Ocean
Pagoda A many tiered tower; found predominantly where Hinduism and Buddhism are prevalent
Proliferation A rapid and often excessive spread or increase of nuclear weapons
Reincarnation Rebirth as another living being until overcoming personal weakness and earthy desires
Subcontinent A large, distinct landmass that is joined to a continent
Terraces Fields Farming Agricultural practice where a hilly section of land is leveled so that it can be used for growing crops
Tsunami A huge wave triggered by an earthquake that gets larger as it approaches the coast
Typhoon A tropical storm in the region of the Indian or Western Pacific Oceans
Bolshevik Revolution A revolution that took place in Russia in 1917 which destroyed the empire and created the USSR
Chernozem Rich, black topsoil found in Northern European plain, especially in Russia and the Ukraine
Coup d'etat A violent overthrow of the government
Communsim An economic system built on the idea that all property should belong to the community or state, not private individuals
Czar Ruler of Russia until the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution
Devolution When a strong, central government surrenders its powers to more local authorities
Permafrost A layer permanently frozen ground that lies beneath the surface soil and rocks
Steppe Dry grasslands found primarily in Kazakhstan and Central Asia
Taiga Russian term for the vast subarctic forest, mostly evergreens, that covers much of Russia and Siberia
Yurt A round tent with a domed roof, covered with heavy, waterproof wool felt or animal skins
Chancellor The head of the government in some European countries, such as Germany
City States Independent community consisting of a city and the surrounding lands
Constitutional Monarchy Type of government with a king or queen as a head of state and parliament as law-making branch
Ethnic Cleansing The mass expulsion or killing of members of an unwanted ethnic or religious group in a society
Maastricht Treaty An agreement made in 1992 by the countries of the European Union to create a single economic market and the Euro
Multilingual Ability to speak two or more languages
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) A military organization created to protest Western Europe from the USSR
Nordic An English word for the northern countries of Norway, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, and Iceland
Polder A low-lying are from which sea water has been drained to create new farmland
Renaissance A 300-year period of renewed interest in classical learning and the arts, beginning in the 1300's
Slavs The main people to settle in what is now Russia, Ukraine, and Eastern parts of Central and Southern Europe
Annexed To take control of territory
Bilingual nation A country wil two official languages
Continental divide An imaginary line through the Rocky Mountains which separates two sets of rivers (Eastward and Westward flowing rivers).
Contiguous Connected to
Cordillera A region of parallel mountain systems
Maquiladoras A factory in Mexico run by a foreign company and exporting its products to the country of that company
North American Free Trade Agreedment (NAFTA) An agreedment among USA, Canada, and Mexico designed to remove tariff barriers between the three countries
Provinces Administrative units that are similar to states
Separatists A group of people who want to break away from control by a dominant group
Aborignial The first people of Australia. They generally lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle
Antarctic Treaty An agreement signed by 12 countries in 1959 that states that Antarctica should only be used for scientific research and peaceful purposes
Archipelago A group of islands clustered together or closely scattered across an area
Continental Island An island that lies on a continental shelf and was once connected to a larger continental landmass
Eucalyptus An evergreen tree that is native to Australia with stiff, pleasant-smelling leaves
Ice Sheet A thick layer of ice and compressed snow that forms a solid crust over and area of land
Ice Shelf Is a thick slab of ice that is attached to a coastline but floats on the ocean
MIRAB (migration, remittances, aid, and bureaucracy) Economies These island countries are not able to fully support the needs of their own people with their own resources and labor.
Maori The first humans to live on the islands of New Zealand and believed to have traveled from Polynesian islands between 800 A.D. and 1300 A.D.
Outback Rural and isolated parts of the Central Lowlands
Wayfinding A method of navigation that relies on careful observation of the natural world. For many thousands of years, humans have charted courses across the open ocean by watching the sun, the stars, and the movement of ocean currents
Created by: SLYHS2018