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ESPS Delany Koleno

Delany Koleno, SFS A1, ESPS Study Guide

QuestionAnswer
Crater A depression in the earth.
Lithosphere Earth's crust and the upper part of the mantle.
Mantle Where convection occurs.
Crust The top most of the layers.
Asthenosphere The layer of rock below the lithosphere; just like putty.
Core The center of the earth
Ejecta Material that is forced out due to volcanoes.
Law of Superposition The oldest layers are at the bottom, and the newest layers are at the top.
Meteroids When a rock is outside of the earth's atmosphere.
Meteorites When a rock has entered the earth's atmosphere.
Comet Object made of ice and dust and has a tail of gas and dust.
Relative Age When scientists determine how old a rock is by looking at the strata of the rock and guessing how old it is.
Strata Layers of rock.
Absolute Age When a scientist determines the actual age of a rock by dating. The two types of absolute dating are carbon dating and radiometric dating.
Radiometric Dating A type of absolute dating. Scientists can determine the age of a rock by using radioactive decay and half-life.
Carbon Dating When scientist can determine the actual age of rock only with young rocks that are organic material.
Geological Time Scale Used to show earth's history by using; eons eras periods epochs
Half Life The time it takes for half of a sample to decay.
Convergent Boundaries When two plates move towards one another and collide.
Divergent Boundaries When two plates move away from one another.
Transform Boundaries When two plates move away from one another.
Subduction When one plate is pushed under another.
Trench Formed by convergent plate boundaries.
Erosion The movement of weathered rock and soil from one place to another.
Plate Boundary Convergent boundary, divergent boundary, and transform boundary.
Mid-Ocean Ridge Under water volcano.
Convection When the hotter material raises to the top, and the cooler material sinks because it is more dense.
Sea-Floor Spreading Is formed through divergent boundary. Sea floor is younger than the continental crust.
Mountains Formed by by convergent continental and continental.
Volcanic Arc Convergent plate boundary with oceanic and oceanic plates.
Oceanic Crust Oceanic crust is more dense than continental crust. Oceanic crust is constantly being recycled.
Continental Crust Continental crust is older and never renews.
Matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Energy The ability to do work.
System An organized group of related objects that interact as a whole.
Open System When energy and matter can enter and exit something.
Closed System When energy can enter and exit, but matter can't.
Atmosphere The air
Hydrosphere Water and how it relates to other spheres.
Geosphere Rocks and ground.
Biosphere All living animals.
Cryosphere Frozen water; specifically ice, snow, and glaciers.
First law of thermodynamics Heat isn't created or destroyed, only transferred.
Created by: Delany_Koleno