Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Eye Drugs

Drugs for treating the eyes

QuestionAnswerSide Effects
bevacizumab (1st gen) monoclonal antibody / Binds all forms of VEGF-A / Inhibit angiogenesis by inhibiting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) binding to VEGF receptors / Contraindicated for ocular infections / Used for diabetic optic neuropathy Some common side effects • Conjunctival hemorrhage • Vitreous floaters • Eye infection that may include eye pain, light sensitivity, vision changes. • Increased intraocular pressure • Cataract • Vitreous detachment
ranibizumab (2nd gen) antibody fragment / Binds all forms of VEGF-A better / Inhibit angiogenesis by inhibiting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) binding to VEGF receptors / Contraindicated for ocular infections / Used for diabetic optic neuropathy Some common side effects • Conjunctival hemorrhage • Vitreous floaters • Eye infection that may include eye pain, light sensitivity, vision changes. • Increased intraocular pressure • Cataract • Vitreous detachment
aflibercept (3rd gen) fusion protein / Binds VEGF-A, VEGF-B, and PGIF tightest / Inhibit angiogenesis by inhibiting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) binding to VEGF receptors / Contraindicated for ocular infections / Used for diabetic optic neuropathy Some common side effects • Conjunctival hemorrhage • Vitreous floaters • Eye infection that may include eye pain, light sensitivity, vision changes. • Increased intraocular pressure • Cataract • Vitreous detachment
timolol Beta adrenergic blocker / Agents that suppress aqueous inflow Ocular irritation and dry eyes. Contraindicated in patients with bradycardia, heart block, heart failure, asthma, or obstructive airway disease.
brimonidine Alpha-2 adrenergic agonist / Agents that suppress aqueous inflow and increase aqueous outflow Red eye and ocular irritation. CNS effects and respiratory arrest in young children (brimonidine). Caution in patients with cerebral or coronary insufficiency, Raynaud phenomenon, postural hypotension, hepatic or renal impairment.
dorzolamide Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (topical) / Agents that suppress aqueous inflow Oral form can cause transient myopia, nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite and taste, parasthesiae, lassitude, renal stones, and hematological problems. Topical forms much less likely to cause systemic side effects but can cause local irritation and redness
brinzolamide Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (topical) / Agents that suppress aqueous inflow Oral form can cause transient myopia, nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite and taste, parasthesiae, lassitude, renal stones, and hematological problems. Topical forms much less likely to cause systemic side effects but can cause local irritation and redness
bimatoprost Prostaglandin analogues / Agents that increase aqueous outflow Brown discoloration of iris, lengthening and darkening of eyelashes, ocular irritation and redness, macular edema or iritis in susceptible individuals
latanoprost Prostaglandin analogues / Agents that increase aqueous outflow Brown discoloration of iris, lengthening and darkening of eyelashes, ocular irritation and redness, macular edema or iritis in susceptible individuals
pilocarpine Cholinergic agonists / Agents that increase aqueous outflow Ciliary spasm leading to headaches especially in younger patients, myopia, dim vision (small pupil). Cataracts and irislens adhesions in long term.
Created by: carchase
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards