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IS 8

Multiple Choice

QuestionAnswer
Which of the following refers to policies, procedures, and technical measures used to prevent unauthorized access, alteration, theft, or physical damage to information systems? A) Security B) Controls C) Benchmarking D) Algorithms E) Identity management A
Which of the following refers to all of the methods, policies, and organizational procedures that ensure the safety of the organization's assets, the accuracy and reliability of its accounting records, and operational adherence to management standards? A) Legacy systems B) SSID standards C) Vulnerabilities D) Security policy E) Controls E
Most computer viruses deliver a: A) worm. B) Trojan horse. C) driveby download. D) keylogger. E) payload. E
Which statement about wireless security is not true? A) SSIDs are broadcast multiple times and can be picked up fairly easily by sniffer programs. B) Radio frequency bands are easy to scan. C) An intruder who has associated with an access point by using the correct SSID is capable of accessing other resources on the network, D) Intruders can force a user’s NIC to associate with a rogue access point. E) Bluetooth is the only wireless technology that is not susceptible to hacking by eavesdroppers. E
All of the following are specific security challenges that threaten the communications lines in a client/server environment except: A) errors. B) tapping. C) theft and fraud. D) radiation. E) sniffing. A
All of the following are specific security challenges that threaten corporate servers in a client/server environment except: A) hacking. B) malware. C) denial-of-service attacks. D) sniffing. E) vandalism. D
All of the following are specific security challenges that threaten corporate systems in a client/server environment except: A) theft of data. B) copying of data. C) alteration of data. D) radiation. E) hardware failure. D
CryptoLocker is an example of which of the following? A) Worm B) SQL injection attack C) Sniffer D) Evil twin E) Ransomware E
Which of the following statements about the Internet security is not true? A) The use of P2P networks can expose a corporate computer to outsiders. B) A corporate network without access to the Internet is more secure than one that provides access. C) VoIP is more secure than the switched voice network. D) Instant messaging can provide hackers access to an otherwise secure network. E) Smartphones have the same security weaknesses as other Internet devices. C
A Trojan horse: A) is software that appears to be benign but does something other than expected. B) is a virus that replicates quickly. C) is malware named for a breed of fast-moving Near-Eastern horses. D) installs spyware on users' computers. E) is a type of sniffer used to infiltrate corporate networks A
A salesperson clicks repeatedly on the online ads of a competitor's in order to drive the competitor's advertising costs up. This is an example of: A) phishing. B) pharming. C) spoofing. D) evil twins. E) click fraud. E
Which of the following is a virus that uses flaws in Windows software to take over a computer remotely? A) Sasser B) Zeus C) Cryptolocker D) ILOVEYOU E) Conficker E
________ is malware that hijacks a user's computer and demands payment in return for giving back access. A) A Trojan horse B) Ransomware C) Spyware D) A virus E) An evil twin B
________ is malware that logs and transmits everything a user types. A) Spyware B) A Trojan horse C) A keylogger D) A worm E) A sniffer C
Which of the following statements about botnets is not true? A) Eighty percent of the world’s malware is delivered by botnets.. B) Botnets are often used to perpetrate DDoS attacks. C) Ninety percent of the world’s spam is delivered by botnets. D) Botnets are often used for click fraud. E) It is not possible to make a smartphone part of a botnet. E
Using numerous computers to inundate and overwhelm the network from numerous launch points is called a(n) ________ attack. A) DDoS B) DoS C) SQL injection D) phishing E) botnet A
Which of the following is not an example of a computer used as a target of crime? A) Knowingly accessing a protected computer to commit fraud B) Accessing a computer system without authority C) Illegally accessing stored electronic communication D) Threatening to cause damage to a protected computer E) Breaching the confidentiality of protected computerized data C
Which of the following is not an example of a computer used as an instrument of crime? A) Theft of trade secrets B) Intentionally attempting to intercept electronic communication C) Unauthorized copying of software D) Breaching the confidentiality of protected computerized data E) Schemes to defraud D
Which of the following specifically makes malware distribution and hacker attacks to disable websites a federal crime? A) Computer Fraud and Abuse Act B) Economic Espionage Act C) Electronic Communications Privacy Act D) Data Security and Breach Notification Act E) National Information Infrastructure Protection Act E
The intentional defacement or destruction of a website is called: A) spoofing. B) cybervandalism. C) cyberwarfare. D) phishing. E) pharming. B
Evil twins are: A) Trojan horses that appears to the user to be a legitimate commercial software application. B) e-mail messages that mimic the e-mail messages of a legitimate business. C) fraudulent websites that mimic a legitimate business's website. D) computers that fraudulently access a website or network using the IP address and identification of an authorized computer. E) bogus wireless network access points that look legitimate to users. E
Pharming involves: A) redirecting users to a fraudulent website even when the user has typed in the correct address in the web browser. B) pretending to be a legitimate business's representative in order to garner information about a security system. C) setting up fake website to ask users for confidential information. D) using e-mails for threats or harassment. E) setting up fake Wi-Fi access points that look as if they are legitimate public networks. A
Which of the following is the single greatest cause of network security breaches? A) Viruses B) User lack of knowledge C) Trojan horses D) Cyberwarfare E) Bugs B
Tricking employees into revealing their passwords by pretending to be a legitimate member of a company is called: A) sniffing. B) social engineering. C) phishing. D) pharming. E) snooping B
According to Ponemon Institute’s 2015 Annual Cost of Cyber Crime Study, the average annualized cost of cybercrime for companies in the United States was approximately: A) $1.5 million. B) $15 million. C) $150 million. D) $1.5 billion. E) $15 billion. B
Which of the following refers to eavesdroppers driving by buildings or parking outside and trying to intercept wireless network traffic? A) War driving B) Sniffing C) Cybervandalism D) Drive-by tapping E) Snooping A
________ is a crime in which an imposter obtains key pieces of personal information to impersonate someone else. A) Identity theft B) Spoofing C) Social engineering D) Evil twins E) Pharming A
________ identify the access points in a Wi-Fi network. A) NICs B) Mac addresses C) URLs D) UTMs E) SSIDs E
A foreign country attempting to access government networks in order to disable a national power grid is an example of: A) phishing. B) denial-of-service attacks. C) cyberwarfare. D) cyberterrorism. E) evil twins. C
The HIPAA Act of 1996: A) requires financial institutions to ensure the security of customer data. B) specifies best practices in information systems security and control. C) imposes responsibility on companies and management to safeguard the accuracy of financial information. D) outlines medical security and privacy rules. E) identifies computer abuse as a crime and defines abusive activities. D
The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act: A) requires financial institutions to ensure the security of customer data. B) specifies best practices in information systems security and control. C) imposes responsibility on companies and management to safeguard the accuracy of financial information. D) outlines medical security and privacy rules. E) identifies computer abuse as a crime and defines abusive activities. A
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act: A) requires financial institutions to ensure the security of customer data. B) specifies best practices in information systems security and control. C) imposes responsibility on companies and management to safeguard the accuracy of financial information. D) outlines medical security and privacy rules. E) identifies computer abuse as a crime and defines abusive activities. C
Which of the following is the most common type of electronic evidence? A) Voice-mail B) Spreadsheets C) Instant messages D) E-mail E) VOIP data D
Which of the following is a type of ambient data? A) Computer log containing recent system errors B) A file deleted from a hard disk C) A file that contains an application's user settings D) A set of raw data from an environmental sensor E) Data that has been recorded over B
Computer forensics tasks include all of the following except: A) presenting collected evidence in a court of law. B) securely storing recovered electronic data. C) collecting physical evidence on the computer. D) finding significant information in a large volume of electronic data. C
Your company, an online discount pet supply store, has calculated that a loss of Internet connectivity for 3 hours results in a potential loss of $2,000 to $3,000 and that there is a 50% chance of this occurring each year. What is the annual expected loss from this exposure? A) $500 B) $1,000 C) $1,250 D) $1,500 E) $2,500 C
Application controls: A) can be classified as input controls, processing controls, and output controls. B) govern the design, security, and use of computer programs and the security of data files in general throughout the organization. C) apply to all computerized applications and consist of a combination of hardware, software, and manual procedures that create an overall control environment. D) include software controls, computer operations controls, and implementation controls. A
________ controls ensure that valuable business data files on either disk or tape are not subject to unauthorized access, change, or destruction while they are in use or in storage. A) Software B) Administrative C) Data security D) Implementation E) Input C
An analysis of an information system that rates the likelihood of a security incident occurring and its cost would be included in which of the following? A) Security policy B) AUP C) Risk assessment D) Business impact analysis E) Business continuity plan C
A statement’s ranking information risks and identifying security goals would be included in which of the following? A) Security policy B) AUP C) Risk assessment D) Business impact analysis E) Business continuity plan A
Which of the following specifications replaced WEP with a stronger security standard that features changing encryption keys? A) TLS B) AUP C) VPN D) WPA2 E) UTM D
Which of the following statements about passwords is not true? A) Authentication cannot be established by the use of a password B) Password systems that are too rigorous may hinder employee productivity. C) Passwords can be stolen through social engineering. D) Passwords are often disregarded by employees. E) Passwords can be sniffed when being transmitted over a network. A
An authentication token is a(n): A) device the size of a credit card that contains access permission data. B) type of smart card. C) gadget that displays passcodes. D) electronic marker attached to a digital authorization file. C
All of the following are currently being used as traits that can be profiled by biometric authentication except: A) fingerprints. B) facial characteristics. C) body odor. D) retinal images. E) voice. C
A firewall allows the organization to: A) enforce a security policy on data exchanged between its network and the Internet. B) check the accuracy of all transactions between its network and the Internet. C) create an enterprise system on the Internet. D) check the content of all incoming and outgoing e-mail messages. E) create access rules for a network. A
________ use scanning software to look for known problems such as bad passwords, the removal of important files, security attacks in progress, and system administration errors. A) Stateful inspections B) Intrusion detection systems C) Application proxy filtering technologies D) Packet filtering technologies E) Firewalls B
Currently, the protocols used for secure information transfer over the Internet are: A) TCP/IP and SSL. B) S-HTTP and CA. C) HTTP and TCP/IP. D) S-HTTP and SHTML. E) SSL, TLS, and S-HTTP. E
According to the 2016 Identity Fraud Study by Javelin Strategy & Research, how much did consumers lose to identity fraud in 2015? A) $1.5 million B) $15 million C) $150 million D) $1.5 billion E) $15 billion E
In which method of encryption is a single encryption key sent to the receiver so both sender and receiver share the same key? A) SSL/TLS B) Symmetric key encryption C) Public key encryption D) Private key encryption E) Distributed encryption B
A digital certificate system: A) uses third-party CAs to validate a user's identity. B) uses digital signatures to validate a user's identity. C) uses tokens to validate a user's identity. D) is used primarily by individuals for personal correspondence. E) protects a user's identity by substituting a certificate in place of identifiable traits. A
All of the following are types of information systems general controls except: A) application controls. B) computer operations controls. C) physical hardware controls. D) software controls. E) administrative controls A
For 100-percent availability, online transaction processing requires: A) high-capacity storage. B) a multi-tier server network. C) fault-tolerant computer systems. D) dedicated phone lines. E) a digital certificate system. C
In controlling network traffic to minimize slow-downs, a technology called ________ is used to examine data files and sort low-priority data from high-priority data. A) high availability computing B) deep-packet inspection C) application proxy filtering D) stateful inspection E) unified threat management B
An authentication system in which a user must provide two types of identification, such as a bank card and PIN, is called: A) smart card authentication. B) biometric authentication. C) two-factor authentication. D) symmetric key authorization. E) token authentication. C
Which of the following provides additional security by determining whether packets are part of an ongoing dialogue between a sender and receiver? A) NAT B) Packet filtering C) Deep packet inspection D) Stateful inspection E) Application proxy filtering D
Comprehensive security management products, with tools for firewalls, VPNs, intrusion detection systems, and more, are called ________ systems. A) DPI B) MSSP C) NSP D) PKI E) UTM E
All of the following have contributed to an increase in software flaws except: A) the growing complexity of software programs. B) the growing size of software programs. C) demands for timely delivery to markets, D) the inability to fully test programs. E) the increase in malicious intruders seeking system access. E
Which of the following defines acceptable uses of a firm’s information resources and computing equipment? A) An information systems audit policy B) A CA policy C) A MSSP D) A UTM system E) An AUP E
Which of the following focuses primarily on the technical issues of keeping systems up and running? A) Business continuity planning B) Security policies C) Disaster recovery planning D) An AUP E) An information systems audit C
Which of the following is an example of a keylogger? A) Zeus B) Conficker C) Sasser D) ILOVEYOU E) Cryptolocker A
Created by: endurance1997