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Chapter 9

TermDefinition
Alloy Mixture of a metal with one or more additional elements.
Biomaterial Substance that interacts with living systems.
Buckyball Carbon sphere made up of a series of hexagons and pentagons, similar to a miniature soccer ball.
Ceramic Nonmetallic solids made from inorganic materials.
Composite Material that combines two or more materials.
Compression Strength Ability of a material to withstand a load that compresses or squeezes the material.
Conductivity Measurement of how well electricity flows through a material.
Corrosion Reaction between a material and the environment that leads to deterioration of the material.
Destructive Material Test Test that destroys a material or somehow makes a material unusable.
Elasticity Ability to return to the original dimensions when stress is removed.
Flammability Ease with which a material will ignite.
Manufacturability Ease with which the material can be transform from raw material to a usable material.
Materials Engineering Understanding and modification of the structure and properties of materials to improve the performance and processing of the material.
Melting Point Temperature at which material changes from a solid to a liquid.
Metal Chemical element that belongs to one of the families of metals on the periodic table.
Nanoparticle Most basic components at the nonoscale.
Nanotechnology Design of new materials and devices at the scale of a nanometer.
Nanotubes Nano-sized cylinders of carbon.
Nanowire Small strands of material that ranges 1 nm-60 nm in width.
Nondestructive Material Test Test that leaves the material intact and does not destroy the material.
Plasticity Deformation that occurs from the yield point to the fracture point.
Polymer Organic, noncrystalline material made up of a long chain of small molecules that form a much larger molecules.
Radiography Test Test that uses x-rays that pass through the material.
Resistivity Measurement of how well a material resist the flow of electricity.
Shear Stress Bending or twisting force, like the stress that occurs when using a wrench.
Strain Deformation that occurs from stress.
Stress Amount of force or load that is applied to a material.
Tensile Strength Ability of a material to withstand a force that pulls the material apart.
Thermal Conductivity Material property determined by how well heat is transferred through the material.
Thermal Resistence Reciprocal of thermal conductivity.
Ultrasonic Test Test that uses sound waves that 'bounce out changes in the material to determine the internal composition of a material.
Created by: 314315