Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Pre-/Anesthetics

DrugCategoryActionUseNotes
Diazepam Benzodiazepine - GABA(A) Rc facilitation - - sedative - pre-anesthetic - safer because don't activate without GABA - reverse with flumazenil
Opioids - stimulate pre and post ORc - analgesia (4-6 hrs) - sedation - antidiarrheal
Fentanyl Opioid - Full MOR agonist - profound pain relief - - overdose causes seizures
Pentazocine Opioid - Full KOR agonist, partial MOR agonist - with fentanyl full analgesia but less overdose risk
Codeine Local anesthetic Cocaine derivative - Metabolized to morphine - analgesic
Carfentanyl Opioid - chemical immomibilzation - 10000x analgesic potency of morphine
Etorphine (M99) Opioid - 3000x morphine - wildlife tranquilizer - reversal agent naloxone (human), diprenorphine (animal)
Sodium Thiopental Barbiturate - Inhibit BABA dissociation - increase open channel time - Induction Agent - low TI - intense CNS depression - can induce GABA(A)R on its own
Propofol Sedative/anesthetic - binds GABA(A)R at same site as ethanol - sedative and anesthetic - induction - short surgical prodecures - still low TI but better than barbiturates - fast, smooth, complete recovery - most hypotensive
Ketamine Phencyclidine (dissociative anesthetic) - NMDA Rc block - GABAR inhibitor - - Inhibits senses without unconsciousness - Mod-profound anesthesia
Nitrous oxide (N2O) Inhalant Anesthetic Lowers amount of other inhalants needed Analgesic
Cocaine Local anesthetic Sympathomimetic (lowers NE release Topical rhinolaryngologic
Procaine Local anesthetic Ester - short duration
Bupivacaine Local anesthetic slower onset (15 min), longer duration (2-4hr) Ventricular arrhythmias from IV bolus
Levobupivicaine Local anesthetic Bupivacaine s-enantiomer
Proparacaine Local anesthetic Eye anesthetic
Lidocaine Local anesthetic
Halothane Cyclopropane Inhalant Anesthetic Anesthetic - sensitizes myocardium to epi (arrhythmias) Hepatotoxic metabolites
Isofluorane Inhalant Anesthetic Anesthetic Poor tissue solubility No hepatic/renal toxicity Pungent odor
Sevofluorane Inhalant Anesthetic Anesthetic
Created by: Annya8
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards