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Cardiovascular Drugs

Propranolol sympatholytic non selective beta blocker Hypertension Anti arrhythmic - Class Ii
Prazosin sympatholytic alpha-1 blocker Hypertension
Sodium nitroprusside vasodilator NO donor Hypertension Edema Short acting, IV for emergencies smooth muscle relaxation Need to counter compensatory BaroRc/renin-angiotensin response
Verapramil vasodilator Ca2+ channel blocker Hypertension Edema Anti arrhythmic - Class IV smooth muscle relaxation Need to counter compensatory BaroRc/renin-angiotensin response
Enalapril ACE inhibitor Hypertension Mild heart failure Side effects cough
Losartan AT1 Rc Blocker
Hydrochlorothiazide Thiazide diuretic Inhibit ion reabsorption and DCT Hypertension - lower blood volume Edema Mild heart failure
Furosemide Loop diuretic Inhibit ion reabsorption at Loop Hypertension - lower blood volume Edema Mild heart failure Rapid, short acting
Nitroglycerin vasodilator (nitrate) no --> increase cGMP --> relax smooth muscle --> vasodilation Angina
Digoxin Cardiac Glycoside Inhibits Na/K ATPase Following treatment with sympatholytic Direct (hart - increase Na in cells)) and indirect (BaroRc - lower SNS activity) effects Quinidine lowers clearance
Quinidine Anti arrhythmic - Class IA Na channel blocker Blocks active Na channel
Lidocaine Anti arrhythmic - Class IB Na channel blocker Blocks Na channel Ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia Emergency ONLY
Amiodarone Anti arrhythmic - Class III Blocks K channel - prolongs AP
Clonidine sympatholytic Centrally acting - alpha-2 agonist Hypertension Side effects - sedation, impaired concentration
Metoprolol sympatholytic Beta-1 blocker Hypertension Tachycardia Anti arrhythmic - Class Ii lowers renin release in kidney, CO
Created by: Annya8



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