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# Intro & Data

### Lesson 12 Site Analysis & Codes/Regulations

TermDefinition
Small Scale May displays a large land area with very little detail
Large Scale Map shows a limited land area in great detail
Common scale for US Geologic Survey 1: 24,000 scale
Contour Lines Lines of elevation
Contour Interval The distance between contour lines
Slope Calculated by the change in elevation divided by the horizontal distance
Floor Area Ratio Ratio of the amount of the floor area on a parcel to the amount of land area of the parcel Calculations are used to determine floor space in relation to given lot size Primarily to determine building density on a site
Site Planning Landscape architecture plan and engineering drawing of proposed improvements to a given lot
Code Composed of rules and regulations
Ordinance Refers to specifically to municipal law
Law Is more general and occurs at any scale of government
Building Code Based on health and safety standards and control design, construction, and materials used in construction
Subdivision Regulations Control the manner in which blocks of land over a certain size many be converted into building lots
Critique of FAR How the building is acting on the lot (e.g. setbacks)
FAR Question: If a 2.5-acre lot has has FAR of 6, how many stories can be built, if 60% of the site will be required for onsite storm water treatment, parking, sidewalks and landscaping? 6 X 2.5 = 15 Note: the 60% doesn't matter
Variance Granted because of the specific physical characteristics of a particular property May alter the allowable use of the parcel Board of Zoning Appeals (BZA) deals with site-specific modifications
Conditional Use Permit Allows land uses in zone where the use isn't currently allowed "Special use permit"
Overlay Zone Allows a community's functional concerns to out across existing zoning designations Establishes additional standards for properties, in addition to underlying zoning districts
Floating Zone Districts that are described in a zoning ordinance but have no necessarily been including on the zoning map
Planning Unit Development (PUD) Floating zone intended to create a mix of uses, density, and infrastructure standards, to allow flexibility in the development standards for specific uses on the subject site
Performance Zoning Performance standards regulate development by setting desired goals Provides flexibility Tend NOT to include restricting specific uses on a property, but permits that meet a specific set of standards
Nonconforming Use Is a use of property that was allowed under the zoning regulations at the time the use was established but which, because of subsequent changes in those regulations, is no longer a permitted use
Form-Based Code Design-based regulations; not guidelines Composed of building form standards and public space standards mapped to a regulating plan
Transect-Based Planning Subcategory of form based code Zoning document based on environmental analysis
Rural to Urban Transect Based on density
Zone of the Transect Natural Zone Rural Zone Sub-Urban Zone General Urban Zone Urban Center Zone Urban Code Zone Special District
Created by: amshinn18

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