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CVA Review

QuestionAnswer
What is the most common type of CVA? Ischemic Strokes
What type of CVA is caused by arteriosclerosis? Thrombotic Strokes
What type of CVA is caused by an embolus? Embolic Strokes
What is the most common artery to find a hyperdense artery sign on? Middle Cerebral Artery
How long is Tissue Plasminogen Activator effective for from the first sign of the patient’s symptoms? 3 hours
Caused by a ruptured blood vessel Hemorrhagic Stroke
How will an ischemic CVA appear within the first 12 hours of the infarct? Triangular or wedge shaped hypodensity
Angioplasty & carotid endartectomy are treatment options for what type of stroke? Ischemic Stroke
Why is speech therapy a treatment option for stroke patients? They may have lost the cough reflux & may need to know which foods they can safely eat & drink without aspirating
What is the #1 risk factor for hemorrhagic strokes? Hypertension
Where does a subarachnoid hemorrhagic stroke occur? Posterior cerebral artery Anterior communicating artery Middle cerebral artery
Where do intraparenchymal CVA’s occur? Within the brain itself
How are ischemic & hemorrhagic stroke symptoms differentiated? Hemorrhagic usually have a sudden severe or thunderclap headache
Described as an oval homogenous hyperdensity Intraparenchymal/intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke
Described as hyperdensities in normally CSF rich areas of the brain Subarachnoid hemorrhagic stroke
How is a hemorrhagic stroke treated? Surgery, endovascular coils, steroids, high blood pressure medications & angiography
Created by: garneau