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Exam 3

Terms

TermDefinition
Myocardium Muscular layer of the heart
Sympathetic nerves of the ANS that originate from the thoracolumar portion of the spinal cord; active when the body is under stress
Parasympathetic active when the body is a rest or trying to restore body energy and function
Acetylcholine (ACH) neurotransmitter of parasympathetic nerves; stimulates the cholinergic receptor; excitatory neurotransmitter in the basal ganglia
Norepinephrine (NE) nerves that stimulate adrenergic receptors
CHF chronic heart failure
Edema swelling caused by fluid in body tissue
CAD coronary artery disease
Arteriosclerosis Hardening of the arteries
Atherosclerosis The build-up of fats, cholesterol, and other substances in and on the artery walls.
Myocardial Infarction heart attack
Hypertension high blood pressure
Hypotension low blood pressure
Arrhythmia disorder of cardiac conduction and electrical impulse formation
Cholesterol fat normally synthesized by the liver; essential for the structure and function of cells
Anticoagulant inhibiting the coagulation of the blood
Thrombocyte cell in the blood; platelet, necessary for coagulation
Antichloinergic drugs or effects that reduce the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system
Cholinergic nerves that release acetycholine; drugs that stimulate the parasympathetic nervous system
Hyperlipidemia high fat levels in the plasma
Exogenous originating or produced outside the organism or body
Endogenous occurring within the body; originating or produced within an organism, tissue, or cell
Afferent transmits sensory information from peripheral organs to the brain and CNS
Efferent carries motor response from the brain and spinal cord to the peripheral organs
Sedative drug used for mental relaxation and desire for physical activity
Hypnotic drug used to induce and maintain sleep
Psychosis mental illness that produces bizarre behavior and deterioration of the personality
Neurosis mild mental illness that is not caused by organic disease, involving symptoms of stress (depression, anxiety, obsessive behavior, hypochondria) but not a radical loss of touch with reality
Anxiety state and anxiousness and hyperemotionalism
Depression depressed mood with feelings of hopelessness and frustration
Parkinsonism symptoms of Parkinson's Disease. tremors, balance.
Neurotransmitter stimulates internal organs to produce characteristic changes associated with sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions
Stimulant a substance that raises levels of physiological or nervous activity in the body
Depressant drug reducing functional or nervous activity
Seizure disorder abnormal discharge of brain neurons that cause alteration of behavior and /or motor activity
CNS central nervous system
PNS parasympathetic nervous system
Created by: smb82