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Skin Diseases Ch. 15

TermDefinition
Allergy Sensitivity that may develop from contact with normally harmless substances
Inflammation Itching, redness, pain, swelling, and/or increased temperature
Chronic Conditions that are frequent and habitual
Acute Conditions that are brief and severe
Contagious Communicable by contact and an infectious disease
Seasonal Influenced by weather
Etiology The study of cause of diseases
Pathology The study of diseases
Prognosis Medical opinion of the future condition of illness
Occupational disorders Example: Cosmetologists may be susceptible to Dermatitis Venenata; skin becomes red, sore or inflamed after direct contact with a substance
Subjective Those you feel
Objective Those you see
Six signs of infection Pain, swelling, redness, local fever, throbbing, pus
Tinea Medical term for ringworm
Lesions Abnormal changes in the structure of an organ or tissue
Macules Discoloration appearing on the skin's surface. (Freckles)
Papules Hardened red elevations of skin with no fluid. (Pimples)
Vesicles Fluid-filled elevations in skin. (Herpes Simplex aka: fever blisters)
Bulla Lesions, like vesicles, but larger. (second-degree burn)
Pustules Small elevations of skin similar to vesicles, but contain pus. (pimple with pus)
Wheals Solid formation above skin caused by insect bite or allergic reaction. (Hives)
Tumors Solid masses in the skin
Nodule Small tumor
Cyst Abnormal membraneous sac liquid or semi-Solid substance
Scales Shedding, dead cells of the uppermost layer of the epidermis
Psoriasis Round, dry patches of skin, covered with rough, silvery scales.
Crusts Dried masses that are remains of an oozing sore. (scab)
Exoriations Abrasions or injuries to the epidermis. (scratches)
Fissures Cracks in the skin. (chapped lips)
Cicatrix Formations resulting from a lesion. (scars)
Ulcers Open lesions visible on skin surface. May lose portions of dermis and may have pus.
Hypertrophies Overgrowth or excess of skin
Callus; hyperkeratosis or keratoma Thickening of epidermis, such as corn, caused from pressure and friction applied to skin.
Verruca Variety of warts
Skin tags Small elevated growths of skin; small benign tumor
Pigmentation abnormalities Too much color or too little color in a particular area of skin
Melanoderma Used to describe any hyperpigmentation caused by overactivity of melanocytes in epidermis.
Chloasma Group of brownish macules occurring in one place. (liver spots)
Moles Small, brown pigmented spots that may be raised
Melanotic sarcoma Skin cancer that begins with a mole
Naevus or Nevus Birthmark or congenital mole
Leukoderma Describes hypopigmentation (lack of pigmentation) of the skin
Albinism Congenital failure of skin to produce melanin pigment
Vitiligo Oval or irregular patches of white skin
Comedones Masses of sebum (oil) trapped in hair follicles. (blackheads)
Milia Accumulation of hardened sebum beneath skin. (whiteheads)
Acne Occurs mostly on face, back and chest. Chronic inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous glands
Rosacea or Acne Rosacea Inflammatory congestion of cheeks and nose, seen as redness with papules and pustules
Asteatosis Dry, scaly skin with reduced sebum production
Seborrhea Excessive secretion of sebaceous glands
Steatoma Tumor of the sebaceous gland, filled with sebum
Furuncles Localized infections of hair follicles. (boils)
Carbuncles Clusters of furuncles caused by acute bacterial infection of several adjoining hair follicles
Bromidrosis or osmidrosis Foul-smelling perspiration
Anhidrosis Lack of perspiration caused by fever or disease
Hyperhidrosis Over-production of perspiration caused by excessive heat or body weakness
Miliaria ruba Acute eruption of small red vesicles with burning and itching of the skin caused by excessive heat
Dermatitis Inflammatory disorder of skin
Eczema Dry or moist lesions with inflammation of skin
Impetigo Highly contagious bacterial infection. (usually on face)
Folliculitis Infection in the hair follicles caused by bacteria, shaving, or clothing irritation.
Pseudofolliculitis barbae Medical term for razor bumps or irritation following shaving
Created by: Ms. Rabbit