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Northwestern Europe

World Geography Honors

Loess Fine, yellowish, brownish topsoil made up of particles of silt and clay, carried and deposited by the wind
Dike Large bank of Earth and stone that holds back water
Polder Low-lying area from which seawater has been drained to create new land
Mistral A strong northerly wind from the Alps that can bring cold air to southern France
Foehn A dry wind that blows from the leeward sides of mountains sometimes melting snow and causing avalanches; term used mainly in Europe
Avalanchea A large mass of ice, snow, and rock that slides down a mountain side
Industrial Revolution Beginning of the 1700s, the rapid, major change in the economy with the introduction of power-driven machinery
Industrial Capitalism An economic system in which business leaders use profits to expand their companies
Communism The idea that society should be based on public ownership and communal control of property
Holocaust The mass murder of 6 million Jews by Germany's Nazi regime during WW2
Cold War The power struggle between the Soviet Union and the United states after WW2
Devolution The granting of self-rule to local and regional authorities
Guest Worker A foreign laborer living and working temporarily in another country
Agribusiness An industry engaged in agriculture on a large scale, sometimes including the manufacture and distribution of farm supplies
Acid Deposit Wet or dry airborne acids that fall to the ground
Which landform stretches from Eastern England all the way to Russia? Northern European Plain
What is the major mountain range that stretches through Southern Europe? The Alps
What are some characteristics of the Great European Plain? Flat, low-lying land; covered by deposits of loess
What 4 countries make up the United Kingdom? Northern Ireland, England, Scotland, Wales
What 2 islands are known as the British Iles? Ireland and Great Britain
What are the physical characteristics of Scotland? Many mountains and valleys
What are the physical characteristics of England? Many rolling hills in the south
How close are most Europeans to the ocean? Within 300 miles
What famous river runs through London, England? Thames River
What famous river runs through both France and Germany? Rhine River
How much of the Netherlands lies below sea level? About 25%
How do people in the Netherlands create land to use for agriculture? Build dikes and drain out the excess water with windmills as pumps
Why does Northwestern Europe have a mild climate compared to other high latitude regions? The North Atlantic Current (N.A.C.) brings warm water to the coast and warm air is blown inland
Which ancient empire controlled most of Northwestern Europe 2000 years ago? The Roman Empire
What are the two time periods that Europe experienced a change in politics, art, government, education, etc...? The Renaissance and the Enlightenment
What influence did Europe's large coal deposits have on the industrial revolution? Coal powered steam engines, which led to the invention of trains, steam ships and mass produced goods
What were the two alliances during WW1? Triple Alliance and Triple Entente
When did WW1 take place? 1914-1918
What new military technology was invented during WW1? Trench warfare, mustard gas, new machine guns and tanks
What was the official religion of the Roman Empire? Christianity
When did the Renaissance occur? 1400s
When did the Enlightenment occur? 1700s
Which movement focused more on the arts? Renaisance
Which movement focused more on the government? Enlightement
What treaty ended WW1? The Treaty of Versailles
Who was the leader of Germany during WW2? Adolf Hitler
What was the Cold War? War of Words; A power struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union for nearly 50 years after WW2 (no battles)
What two nations were involved in the Cold War? The United States and the Soviet Union
What two government types were involved in the Cold War? Democracy and Communism
When did WW2 occur? 1939-1945
What was the mass killing of European Jews known as? Holocaust
What currency is used in the European Union? Euro
Which countries in Europe have the highest population densities? Netherlands and Belgium
Created by: TorieYeomans5516



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