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chapter 1-4


psychology the scientific study of behavior and mental process
scientific method a way of studing topics involving 5 steps
hypothesis an idea that is arrived at logically for a theory; an edecated guess
critical thinking the process of thinking reflectively and productively, as well as evaluating evidence
naturalistic observation observaton of behavior in real world settings with no effect made to manipulate or control the situation
validity the soundness of the conclusions we draw from an experiment. In the realm of testing, validity specifically refers to the extent to which a test measures what it is intended to measure
homeostasis the body's tendency to maintain an equilibrum, or a steady state
teratogens harms the fetus via the placenta
nature an organisma biologixal inheritance
nurture an organisms environmental experiences
nature Vs nurture The interaction of nature and nurture of genes and environment, influnces every aspect of mind and behavior t a degree. Neither factor opperates alone
psychodynamic a psychological perspective emphasizing unconscious thought, the conflict between biological instincts an society's demands, and early family experiences
behavioral a psychological perspective emphasizing the scientific study of observable behavioral responces and their environmental determinates
cognative a psychological perspective that focuses onthe mental process involved in knowing; how we direct our attention, percieve, remember, think and solve problems
evolutionary a psychological perspective that eses evoltionary ideas such as adaption, reproduction, and "survival of the fittest" as the basis for explaining specific human behavior
applied psychology does research to solve practical problems
independent variable the manipulated experimental factor in an experiment
dependent variable a factor that can change in an experiment in responce to changes in the independent variable
double-blind experiment an experiment that is conducted so that neither the participants or experimenter are aware of which participants are in the experimental grou or control group
Created by: 1047936947