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parts of brain

chapter 3

central nervous brain and spinal cord
peripherial nervous system somatic and autonomic system
hypothalumus Contains receptors that monitor blood temp and water potential. Involved in controlling autonimic nervous system and pituitary gland.
thalamus relays info to cerebral cortex
cerebellum rounded structure involved in motor cordination and posture
cerebral cortex extensive, wrinkled outer layer of the forebrain; governs higher brain functions, such as thinking, learning, and consciousness
amygdala Part of limbic system, involved in fear and the discrimination of objects necessary for organisms survival
hippocampus involved in memory
pons governs sleep and arousal
corpus callosum the large bundle of axons that connect the brains two hemispheres
limbic system Association area that includes the amygala and hippocampus- that play important roles in memory and emotion
pituitary gland an important endocrine gland at the base of the skull that controls growth and regulates other glands
frontal lobe controls voluntary muscles intellegence and personality; behind forehead
parietal top and toward the rear of head; registering spatial location, attention and motor control
temporal just above ears; involved in hearing, language processing and memory
occipital back of head; responds to visual stimuli
medulla oblongata Controls breathing and heart rate, action of smooth muscle in gut.
Broca's area Left hemisphere area which controls production of language
Wernicke's area Left hemisphere area responsible for understanding language
sensory areas Receive impulses directlt from receptors
association areas Compare input with previous experience to interpretthem and judge response
motor areas Send impulses to muscles and glands
cerebrum Controls higher brain functions; conscious thought and emotional response, ability to override some reflexes, intelligence, reasoning, judgement.
Created by: 1047936947
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