Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Oral DM Classes

Oral diabetic medication classes

ClassMOAMed PearlsGenericsA1C reductions
Biguanide decreases hepatic glucose production, decreases intestinal absorption of glucose, and improves insulin sensitivity * B12 Deficiency, GI Upset, Black Box warning: Lactic acidosis Metformin 1.5%
Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitor Inhibit pancreatic alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase, block carbohydrate hydrolysis to glucose, to decrease postprandial blood glucose Administer with food, Contraindicated in cirrhosis, IBD, and intestinal obstruction Acarbose, Miglitol 0.5-0.8%
Thiazolidinediones Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma activator, which improves insulin sensitivity Increased risk for bladder cancer, Contraindicated in Heart Failure Rosiglitazone, Pioglitazone 0.5-1.5%
DiPeptidyl Peptidase4 Inhibitor (DPP-4) Prolong the active incretin levels of GLP-1 and GIP (decreases glucagon release, increase insulin release, and slow gastric emptying) May cause Pancreatitis, FDA warning for Saxagliptin and Alogliptin for increase risk of heart failure Sitagliptin, Saxagliptin, Linagliptin, Alogliptin 0.5-1%
Sodium-Glucose Co-transporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT 2) Decreases reabsorption of filtered glucose from proximal tubule, increasing glucose excretion in urine UTI’s common with this class, FDA warning of increased risk for AKI and Euglycemic DKA Canagliflozin, Dapagliflozin, Empagliflozin 0.5-0.8%
Sulfonylureas Stimulate insulin release for pancreatic beta cells Don’t use in Sulfa Allergy, Watch for Hypoglycemia Glyburide, Glipizide, Glimepiride 1-2%
Meglitinides In presence of glucose, stimulate insulin release from pancreatic beta cells Administer 15 to 30 minutes before meals, May cause weight gain Repaglinide, Nateglinide 0.5-1.5%
Created by: cbisel8901