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RADR 1309

Unit 1

Identify who discovered x-radiation. When? Wilhem Conrad Roengten. November 8, 1895
Identify 3 cardinal principles of radiation protection. Time, Distance and Shielding
Describe different sources of radiation NATURAL ENVIRONMENTAL (cosmic, terrestrial, internal) MAN MADE (medical radiation, industrial rad. research application, consumer produts)
Define the ALARA concept. As Low As Reasonable Achievable. Intend to keep rad. at lowest practical level. Burden of ethic responsibility on us.
Describe various methods of persal monitoring devices FILM BADGE: Piece of film in the badge, chemically precess the film and judge by density how much exposure- light= low exp. dark = high exposure
CONT. OPTICALLY STIMULATED LUMENSCENCE: OSL Crystals respond to exposure and hold on to energy levels, differeniate high & low doses -> cost
CONT. THEMOLUMINESCENT DOSIMETER: TLD Med. cost range, detect various energy levels, holds on to energy levels longer
Cont. POCKET DOSIMETER Allows for single expposure reading, looks like a pen, very $ sensitive device
Define the term Mission Statement. The guiding force that outlines the organizations reason for existence and defines what should be done and how.
Identify the radiation certifying organizations. ASRT-American Assoc. of Radiological Technicians. ISRRT-International Society fo Radiographers & Radiological Technologiest. ACERT-Assoc. of Collegiate Educators in Raiologic Technology. AEIRS-Assoc. of Educators in imagaing & Radiological Science
Identify the Health Care Regulatory Agencies. JCAHCO-**The Joint Commision on Accrediation of Health Care Organizations. OSHA-Occupational Safety & Health Administration. FDA-Food & Drug Admin
9.Identify various members of the health care team & their rolls. Technologist: general term for individual who is skilled in a practical art.
Technician: an individual who performs procedures that require attention to technical detail.
MD=Medical Doctor: requires BA/BS & 4 yrs of meical school for general practice, Residency is required to specialize 3-4 yrs Sub specialize addt'l 2-4 years.
DO=Doctor of Osteopathy: education same as MD. trained to do manipultation of muscles and bones as part of healing process
Nursing: Asst., LVN, RN=Registered Nurse2,3,4 yrs ofstudy, advanced educ 2-4 yrs. Nurse practitioner, nurse, midwife.LVN: licensed voc. nurse. 1 yr ed. Asst. Nurse limit training
Diagnostic Professions: Electrocardiograpic Tech. records
MT: Med Tech 4 yrs lab, perform test and anaylze results
Therapeutic Services:provide services designed to help patients overcome some sort of physical or psyhological.
OT: Occupational Therapist
Define Scope of Practice. The terminology used by licensing boards for various medical related fields that define the procedures that are permitted for a license individual.
Define Profesionalism. The manner of conducting ones self, created therough a combination of behaviors, including courtey and politeness when dealing with patients, peers and other health care professionals
Define morality. Shared beliefs with our community about values & duties; Influence the governing laws
Define Ethics. Reflection on morality, the application of moral principles
Define confidentiality (HIPPA). entrusted, secret, private. CARDINAL CONCEPT OF ALL CODES OF ETHICS. HIPPA (Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act. US Dept of Heal Serv to protect the privaccy rights of each patient (electronically)
Define Patient Bill of Rights. The right to privacy implies that the patients modesty wil be respected & every effort will be made to maintain the patients sense of personal dignity. The right to privacy also includes the expectation of confidentiality. pat. rt to refuse treatment
Describe informed consent. a person's agreeement to allow something to happen (ie. surgery)that is based on full disclosure of facts needed to make the decision intelligently--inc knowledge of risks involved and alternatives. Pt. has rt. to explaination in lang and terms understand
Define Criminal Law. Laws for the purpose of preventing harm to society.
Define Civil Law. Laws concerened with civil or private rights and remedies. (Plaintiffs in civil law suits seek money damages.)
Describe informed consent. Necessary for any procedure considered experimental or involves substantial risk. ex: myelograms & arteriograms require patient receive full explaination of the procedure & its potential risks & benefits
Define Criminal Law. Laws for the purpose of preventing harm to society.
Define Civil Law. Laws concerened with civil or private rights and remedies. (Plaintiffs in civil law suits seek money damages.)
Describe informed consent. Necessary for any procedure considered experimental or involves substantial risk. ex: myelograms & arteriograms require patient receive full explaination of the procedure & its potential risks & benefits
Define Criminal Law. Laws for the purpose of preventing harm to society.
Define Civil Law. Laws concerened with civil or private rights and remedies. (Plaintiffs in civil law suits seek money damages.)
Define Tort. A civil wrong, such as negligence, false imprisonment, assault, and battery.
Define Reasonable Care. the patient has the right to expect that you will deliver care comparable to any other health care professional w/ similar credentials and experience.
Define Res Ipsa Loquitur-. The "thing speaks for itself". When the loss or negligence is so apparent that would be obvious to anyone.
Define Assault. Any will ful attempt or threat to inflict injury on another person. Any intentional display of force giving the victim reason to fear or expect bodily injury.
Define Battery. Any unlawful touching of another that is without justification or excuse. ex: unwanted contact, an act that offends a reasonable sense of personal dignity. Casual contacts of daily life
Define Defamation. Holding upa person to ridicule, scorn, or contempt in a respectable and considerable part of the community. Breach of patient confidentiality.
Define Slander. The utterrance of a defamatory statements injurious to the reputation or well being of a person. A malicous statement or report.
Define Libel. A written, printed or pictorial statement that damages a person by defaming his character or reputation, damaging him in his occupation, or exposing him to public ridicule.
Define False imprisonment. Unwanted confinement, conscious restraint of the freedom of another w/out proper authorization, privilege, or consent.
Define Negligence. The omission or neglect of reasonale precaution, care or action resulting in accident, injury or loss. Medical negligence=malpractice.
Define Respondeat Superior. The master speaks for the servant."; requires that an employer also pays the victim for the torts against the employee. Since the med. facility employs the technologist, the facility is automatically held jointly responsible.
Give ex. of Verbal/Writen Communication. Talking, handouts
Give ex. of Non-Verbal Communication. Body language, personal appear. posture gait & gestures facial expression eye contact
LEVELS of Communication.Defuine INTRAPERSONAL. That form of commnication which occurrs within oneself. Self talk, inner thought
Level of Comm. Define INTERPERSONAL. One to one communication. Patient to professional, or doctor to patient.
Level of comm. Define SMALL GROUP. The interaction between a small goup of people. Commitees or staff meetings.
Level of Comm. Define PUBLIC. That form of communication which takes place with an audience. Seminars or classroom presentations.
FORMS of Communication. Define VERBAL/WRITTEN. The use of spoken/written words to convey a meaning. Establish a rapport. obtain/relay info use proper vocab, pacing intonation
Forms of Comm. Define NON-VERBAL. Transmitting messages through body language, rather than words consider the cultural bk ground & situation Maintain Prof. behavior
Forms of Comm. Define SYMBOLIC. Involves using self-expression to deliver & convey message. ex: childs play, pictures, demonstration/simulation
Describe influences cultural diversity has on communication. They influence interactions between patients, healthcare members, they are adopted by one's society, that reflect the setting & beliefs in which a person lives ex: man doesn't want a female to treat them
Understand special circumatance in communication as related to Children: Different according age level, comprehension. DONT LIE TO THEM. use simple terms, talk to the 5 yr old, not mom.
" " " related to Non-English speaking /aphasic patients. Non-English, go with an interperter. Aphasic, may be capable of artifical using special devices or esophageal speech
" " " related to Hearing impared or deaf patients. Many diff. levels, hearing, etc. have room well lit, slow down pace
" " " related Mentally impaire patients. Different levels. can use word/methods that work with children, but maintain respect and dignity approriate for adults.
Identify effective strategies for dealing with Pt. families. Try to limit yiour info to practical infomation.ex: length of procedure, location of pt. location of nearest waiting room, restroom, cafeteria or phone. WE DONT DIAGNOSIS, DIRECT THOSE QUESTIONS TO PHYSICIAN
Understand the need for effective patient care. Pat. satisfaction, pat. feel their health care meets their expectation, pt.who is - will not lead to recovery, phy. and emot. comfort, good for pt, he will trust u faster recovry, good for u happy pt. easy to wk w/- facility standards are being met
Created by: wawatt