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Types of Matter

TermDefinition
Atom The basic building block of most matter on Earth.
Elements A substance made up of one kind of atoms. ex. oxygen, hydrogen
Compound A substance made up of two or more elements. ex. Water
Mixture Matter that is made up of two or more substances that are not joined chemically.
Solution A mixture in which one substance dissolves in another substance.
Dissolve To mix evenly into another substance.
Floatation A method used to separate the parts of a mixture in which the part that is less dense floats to the top.
Sifting A method used to separate the parts of a mixture in which the smaller solid will fall through the holes in a sifter and the larger solid will stay inside the sifter.
Filtration A method used to separate the parts of a mixture in which the part that is a liquid will flow through a filter and the solid will remain in the filter.
Evaporation A method used to separate the parts of a solution in which the liquid turn to gas and disappears into the air. The solid, such as salt, will remain.
Created by: bdozier