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ENVS 238 Test 1

Humans are the focus regarding environmental issues Antropocentricism
Everything is interconnected and interdependent Holism
Attempt to adopt policies and strategies to deal with specific situations Pragmatism
Includes 2 approaches: methodological, which is the acceptance of moral pluralism, and metaphilosophical Pragmatism
Both woman and the environment have been oppressed, so both need to be addressed, "twin oppressons" Ecofeminism
All organisms are interconnected and have equal intrinsic value: metaphysically, ethically, and politically Deep ecology
Each thing is a good in itself. Kant believes this includes rational beings; Lee believes its for all living things Intrinsic value
Non-rational beings that are means to an end or rational beings being used (reality), assigned to something for its usefullness Instrumental value
One theory to be applied in all situations Monism
Multiple frameworks apply to multiple situations Pluralism
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs Sustainable development
Categorical Imperative act only on that maxim (subjective principle) that you can at the same time will that it become a universal law (objective principle) (Kant)
Kingdom (realm) of Ends a systematic union of different rational beings through shared laws (kingdom) with persons that are treated as an end to oneself (ends) (Kant)
Greatest Happiness Principle principle by Mill stating that actions are right if they promote happiness and wrong if they promote pain
Land Ethic (Leopold) Ethics should be extended to include the Land, by enlarging the boundaries of the community to include soils, waters, plants, and animals, or collectively: the land.
Moderate moral pluralism (Wenz) There is one single theory with various principles that can be used in different contexts
Created by: mpiontek