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psych U9M47

Infancy and child cognitive development

QuestionAnswer
cognitive development (jean piaget's theory) development of learning, memory, reasoning, problem solving, and related skills
what did jean piaget move away from and focus more on? focused on the interaction of a child's abilities and environment rather than biological maturation
equilibrium/equilibration child's attempt to balance what they encounter with their current cognitive structures
assimilation understand in terms of preexisting concepts and schemas
example of assimilation when told that a cat is a cat, they assume that anything with 4 legs, fur, and a tail is a cat
accomodation modification of concepts/schemas or create new ones
example of accomodation a child looks at a dog and says, "Cat!". Its mother corrects the child, and the child realizes the difference btwn a dog and a cat
4 developmental stages? Sensorimotor stage, Preoperational stage, Concrete operational stage, Formal Operational stage (Surely Piaget Cognitively Functions)
sensorimotor stage age: birth---2years; consists of reflexive reactions and repeated behaviors (stimuli motives), basic mental representations
object permanence knowledge that objects continue to exist when we can't see them (out of sight, out of mind)
preoperational stage (before logic) ages: 2--7 years; development of language (understand symbols, pretend-play)
egocentrism seeing the world only from one's own point of view
artificalism believe that all things are made by humans
animism believe that all things are living (realistic personification)
concrete operational stage age: 7--12 years; understanding of concrete relationships, complex classification systems
conservation skills a change in the form of an object doesn't change the mass of the object
formal operational stage age: 12 and up; fully capable of understanding abstractions and symbolic relationships; compare ideas; classify mentally-like objects; go beyond the here and now
Created by: allyson.lee