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medical terminology

vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
-al pertaining to
-ase enzyme
-blast budding
-centesis surgical puncture
-cidal causing death
-clast broken
-crit to separate
-cyte cell
-ectomy excision of surgical removal
-emia blood condition
-emesis vomiting
-gen, -genesis, -genic producing
-glia glue
-gram something written
-ia condition of, diseased of abnormal state
-iac , -ic, -ior pertaining to
-ism state of
-itia, -itis inflammation
-logy study of
-lyte dissolvable
-lytic destroy; reduce
-mania madness or insane desire
-megaly enlargement
-meter instrument used to mesure
-odia smell
-ologist one who studies and practices
-oma tumor or swelling
-opia vision
-opsy to view
-orrhea flow, excessive discharge
-orrhexis rupture
-osis abnormal increase in production
-ostomy creation f an artificial opening
-otomy cut into or incision
-oxia oxygen
-pathy disease
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrument used for visual examination
-scopy visual examination
-sepsis infection
- spasm sudden involuntary muscle contraction
-stasis control or stop
-tomy cutting
-tropic influencing
seb sebaceous glands
cutane, dermat, derm skin
hidr sweet glands
pil hair
oste, oss, ost bones
chondr cartilage
arthr joints
ligament ligaments
myel bone marrow
fasci fascia
my muscles
ten, tend, tendin tendons
encephal brain
acoust, ot ears
ocult, ophtalm eyes
neur nerves
myel spinal cord
arteri arteries
hem, hemat blood
card, cardi heart
phleb ,ven veins
capill capillaries
lymph lymph
splen spleen
thym thymus
tonsil tonsils
laryng larynx
pneum, pneumon lungs
nas nose
pharyng pharynx
trache trachea
sinus sinuses
esophag esophagus
col large intestine
hepat liver
or mouth
enter smaller intestine
gastr stomach
nephr, ren kidneys
ureter ureters
urethra uretha
cyst, vesic urinary bladder
A-, An- without or absense
Ab- from or away
Ad- to or towards
Ana- up
Ante- before
Anti against
Appped- to hang something
Bi-,Bin- two
Brady- slow
Contra- against
Di- two
Dis- to undo; free form
Ecto-, Exo, Extra- outside
Endo- within
Epi- upon
Erythr- red
Glyc- sweet
Hyper- over
Hypo- under
Im- not
Infra- beneath; below
Inter- between
Intra- inside
Iso- equal
Macro- large
Mal- bad
Meso- middle
Meta- after
Micro- small
Mono- one
Milti- many
Mut- change
Neo- new
Para- beside
Patho- disease
Peri- surrounding
Poly- many
Post- after
Pre- before
Pseudo- false
Re- back, again
Retro- backward or behind
Semi- half
Sub- under or below
Super- over or above
Syn- together or joined
Tachy- fast
Tetra- four
Trans- through, across, beyond
Tri- three
Ultra- beyond, excess
Uni- one
AA of each other
a.c. before meals
AD, a.d. right ear
ad lib as desired
am, AM morning, before noon
AS, a.s. left ear
AU a.u, both ears
BE baruim enema
BID, b.i.d., bid twice a day
BP blood pressure
BR bed rest
BRP bathroom privileges
BM bowel movement
bx biopsy
CA, ca cancer, calcium
cap capture
disc, DC, d.c. doctor of chiropractic
DNR do not restate
DX, dx diagnosis
ED emergency deparment
ER emergency room
Fx , fx fracture
g, gm gram
gt, gtt glucose tolerance test
h hydrogen
h.s. hours of sleep
Ht. , ht height
inj. injection
I, O, I/O intake and output
IV intravenous
K+, K potassium
mg milligram
N&V nausea and vomiting
Na+, Na nurse aide/assistant
NC no complain
NPO nothing by mouth
NPO p mn nothing by mouth at midnight
oint, ung urinalysis ointment
OOB out of bed
OTC over the counter
oz ounce
p pulse, phosphorous
p.c. after meals
pH measure of acid
PM, p.m. afternoon
PO,po, p.o. phone order by mouth
PRN whenever necessary, as needed
q.am. every morning
q.h. every hour
q.i.d. four times a day
QNS quanity not sufficient
q.s. quanity sufficient
r, R respiration, rectal
RX prescription take treatment
s without
SOB short of breath
ss one half
stat immediately at once
syr. syrup
susp. suspension
sup, supp. suppository
T temperature
Tab tablet
Tbsp table spoon
TID, t.i.d. ter in die
tsp tropical spastic therapy
Tx therapy transplant treatment
VS vitual signs
W/C, w/c wheelchair
Adren adrenals
gonad gonads
pancreat pancreas
parathyroid parathyroid glans
pineal pineal
pituit pituatary
thym thymus
thryroid thyroid
orch, orchid testicles
Oophr, ovari ovaries
Hyster, Metr, Metri, Uter uterus
Created by: jimena.c01