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Energy Unit Vocab.

what energy does.... unit

TermDefinition
acceleration an increase in the rate or speed of something
chemical energy the energy involved in the bond formed between two atoms; type of potential energy stored in chemicals
circuit a complete path of conductors that an electric current can flow through
closed circuit a complete electrical connection in which current can flow in an uninterrupted path
collision an instance of one object exerting force upon another, causing an exchange of energy
conductor a material that allows heat energy or electricity to pass through it easily
constraint a limitation or restriction; a rule that you cannot break or something that you cannot do while solving an engineering problem
criteria a standard of judgment; a rule for evaluating or testing something
device something made or adapted for a particular purpose
distance the amount of space between two people or things
electrical current a constant flow of electrons through a conductor
electrical energy an electric charge that lets work be accomplished
electricity a form of energy that is produced when electrons move from one place to another place
energy the ability to do work
energy form any of the different types of energy that measure the ability of an object or system to do work
engineering design cycle a series of steps that engineers follow to come up with a solution to a problem
friction a force between two surfaces rubbing against each other; friction works against motion
heat a form of energy associated with the movement of atoms in any material. The higher the temperature, the faster the atoms are moving and the greater amount of energy present; the quality of being hot
hydropower electricity or power produced by the energy of falling or rapidly moving water
insulator a material that does not let heat energy or electricity pass through it easily
kinetic pertaining to motion
motion a change in the position of an object
nonrenewable energy a natural resource that cannot be replaced
nuclear energy the energy released during a nuclear reaction
open circuit an electrical circuit that is not complete
potential having the ability to develop into something; (energy) the energy an object has because of its position rather than its motion
rate a comparison of two values that are measured in different units
receiver a person or device that is getting the information
relative speed measurement of speed in relation to another object
renewable energy energy from a source that is not depleted when used
solar energy energy from sunlight
sound a form of energy produced by vibrating objects
source a thing or plan from which something comes
speed the distance an object moves per unit of time, such as miles per hour
switch a device that opens and closes an electric circuit to stop and start the flow of electrons
thermal energy the internal energy of an object due to the kinetic energy of its atoms
transfer to pass from one place to another
transformation the process of changing the form, appearance, or character of something
wind energy energy in which turbines convert kinetic wind energy into energy that can be used for power
Created by: michelleblake