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psych U8M44

stress and illness

QuestionAnswer
psychophysiological illness "mind-body" illness (any stress related physical illness)
how does stress make us more vulnerable to disease? 1) wounds heal more slowly 2) ppl are more vulnerable to colds
type A personality intense; on the go; competitive; impatient
type B personality laid back; patient; low stress; not much concern
hardiness tolerate stress and thrive on it (helps me grow!)
what is the general idea of optimism and pessimism? individual's overall appraisal of life and general attitude towards events; related to locus of control
optimism internal locus of control; stress is a challenge to overcome
pessimism external locus of control; stress is a threat
(cognitive theory/richard lazarus) primary appraisal person decides if an event appears to be stressful
(cognitive theory/richard lazarus) secondary appraisal person decides if they can handle the stress
coping we make cognitive or behavioral changes to manage stress
3 types of direct coping confrontation, compromise, and withdrawal
confrontation identify source of stress and meet w/it head-on
compromise give up something to get something
withdrawal give up totally; admit defeat
defensive coping used when person cannot identify or deal directly w/source --> defense mechanisms
what types of reactions or effects of stress are there (types of psychology)? psychological, behavioral, and physiological short term and long term effects
Created by: allyson.lee