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Encoding the processing of getting information into the memory system
storage the retention of encoded information over time
retrieval the process of getting information out of memory storage
overlearning Continuing to rehearse information even after it has been memorized
Serial postion effect Our tendency to recall best the last and first items on a list
Spacing effect the tendency for distributed study or practice to more effective in leading retention
Primary effect ability to remember things in the beginning
recency effect ability to remember things at the end
distributed rehearsal spreading practice over several times
massed rehearsal practice in one sitting
semantic encoding the encoding of meaning
visual encoding is the use of imagery to process information into memory.
encoding imagery Vivid or unusual images are the most memorable and allow us to remember our best and worst moments; 'Rosy retrospection:' people tend to recall events more positively than they evaluated them at the time
mnemonic device a trick to remember things
method of loci A mnemonic device that associates things with images
peg-word system mnemonic device that uses riymes to remember items
chunking puting information into units
sensory memory the coding of sensory information into the memory system
iconic store Holds visual information for very short periods of time.
acoustic store remembering sounds
short-term memory holds information for a short time then it gets lost
working memory another word for short term memory
the "magic number 7 +/- 2
long-term memory holds information permantly
flash-bulb memory a significant event that is vividly remembered
long-term potention learning and memory stimulate neurons to release chemicals
explicit memory recalling of facts and experences
implicit memory memory of skills such as walking
recall measure of memory of information learned as on a fill-in-the blank test
recognition measure of memory that is identified as on a multiple choice test
context effect able to remember things because you are in an environment similar to which you learned that informaton
state dependant memory ability to retrieve information when you are in the same physical and emotional state
mood-congruent memory ability to retrieve information based on your mood. If you are happy when you get the information
Created by: jolian