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RN Pharmacology

Pharmacology cards for our ATI exam

QuestionAnswer
Levothyroxine Thyroid hormone - treats thyroid disorders
Lisinopril ACE inhibitor - widens blood vessels to allow blood to flow more freely
Atorvastatin HMG CoA reductase inhibitors, or "statins." - reduces levels of "bad" cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein, or LDL) and triglycerides in the blood, while increasing levels of "good" cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein, or HDL).
Metformin Oral antihyperglycemic - Metformin decreases hepatic glucose production, decreases intestinal absorption of glucose, and improves insulin sensitivity by increasing peripheral glucose uptake and utilization.
Simvastatin HMG CoA reductase inhibitors, or "statins." - reduces levels of "bad" cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein, or LDL) and triglycerides in the blood, while increasing levels of "good" cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein, or HDL).
Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen Semi-synthetic opioid agonist - therapeutic action of hydrocodone is analgesia. Hydrocodone produces respiratory depression by direct action on brain stem respiratory centers.
Metoprolol β-Adrenergic blocking agents (β-blockers) - Management of hypertension, slows pulse, lessens force, relaxes blood vessels
Amlodipine Calcium channel blocker - dilates (widens) blood vessels and improves blood flow
Omeprazole Proton pump inhibitors - decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach
Albuterol Bronchodilator - relaxes muscles in the airways and increases air flow to the lungs
Antidote for Acetaminophen N-acetylcysteine (Mucomyst)
Antidote for Anticholinesterases Atropine
Antidote for Anticholinergic agents Physostigmine
Antidote for Heparin Protamine Sulfate
Antidote for Coumadin/Warfarin Vitamin K
Antidote for Benzodiazepines Flumazenil (romazicon)
Antidote for Beta-Blockers Glucagon
Antidote for Calcium Channel Blockers Glucagon
Antidote for Cyclophosphamide Mesna
Antidote for Digoxin Digoxin immune Fab (digibind)
Antidote for Doxorubicin Dexrazoxane
Antidote for Fluorouracil Leucovorin calcium
Antidote for Iron Deferoxamine (desferal)
Antidote for Isoniazid Pyridoxine
Antidote for Methotrexate Leucovorin calcium
Antidote for Opiates Naloxone (Narcan) Nalmefene (revex)
Antidote for Tricyclic antidepressants Sodium bicarbonate, physotigmine
-olol Beta Blocker
-alol -ilol Beta Blocker + something else
-dipine Vascular Calcium Channel Blocker
-zosin Alpha-1 blocker
-pril ACE inhibitor
-sartan Angiotensin receptor antagonist
-darone Antiarrhythmic
-statin HMW CoA Reductase Inhibitor
-zolamide Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor
-semide Loop Diuretic
-parin Low Molecular Weight Heparins
-rudin Direct Thrombin Inhibitor
-rubicin Cancer medication
-mab Monoclonal Antibody Medication
-tinib Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor
-penum Cell wall inhibitor
-floxacin Fluroquinolone
-conazole Antifungal
-quine Antimalarial
-ovir Antiviral (Herpes)
-ivir Antiviral (Influenza)
-avir Antiviral (AIDS/HIV)
-tidine H2 blocker
-prazole Proton pump inhibitor
-glitazone PPAR Gamma activators (Diabetes)
-gliptin DPP-4 Inhibitors (Diabetes)
-setron Antiemetic
-chol Muscarinic Agonist
-trop- Scop- Muscarinic Blocker
-stigmine Achase Inhibitor
-curium -curonium Nondepolarizing Neuromuscular Blocker
-ane Inhaled Anesthetic
-caine Local anesthetic
-pam -lam Benzodiazepine
-tal Barbiturate
Nal...-one Opiod Antagonist
-zine Typical antipsychotic or antihistamine
-apine -idone Atypical Antipsychotic
-capone COMT inhibitor for Parkinson's Disease
Lispro: Onset & Peak Onset: 15-30 mins Peak: 0.5 - 2.5 hours
Regular Insulin: Onset & Peak Onset: 30-60 mins Peak: 1 - 5 hours
NPH: Onset & Peak Onset: 60 - 120 mins Peak: 6 - 14 hours
Lantus: Onset Onset: 70 mins No Peak effect
ACE Inhibitors: Purpose Lowers blood pressure and allows blood to flow more easily from heart
Antiarrythmics: Purpose Controls irregular heartbeat
Antiplatelet Medication: Purpose To thin blood and help prevent and dissolve clots in arteries and stents
Aspirin: Purpose To prevent and dissolve clots in the arteries
Beta-Blocker: Purpose To lower blood pressure and heart rate
Thrombolytics: Purpose To restore blood flow during a heart attack or stroke and to break up blood clots in the legs
Anticoagulants: Purpose To prevent blood clots from forming in the arteries and heart
Digoxin: Purpose To improve your heart's ability to pump blood and helps to slow down an irregular heartbeat
Statins: Purpose To lower your cholesterol level and reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes
Diuretics: Purpose To lower blood pressure
Vasodilators: Purpose To widen the blood vessels to increase the flow of blood and lower blood pressure
Foods to avoid when taking ACE inhibitors Potassium-containing salt substitutes
Foods to avoid when taking Ampicillin Carbonated beverages, acidic juices
Foods to avoid when taking Aspirin Feverfew, ginkgo, green tea
Foods to avoid when taking Barbiturates Valerian
Foods to avoid when taking Calcium-channel blockers Grapefruit juice
Foods to avoid when taking Cloxacillin Carbonated beverages, acidic juices
Foods to avoid when taking Cyclosporine Grapefruit juice, potassium-containing salt substitute
Foods to avoid when taking Digoxin High-fiber foods and meals
Foods to avoid when taking Enteric-coated pills Milk, hot beverages, alcohol
Foods to avoid when taking Fluroquinolones Foods high in calcium, iron, or zinc
Foods to avoid when taking Hemorrhoid medications Saw palmetto
Foods to avoid when taking Indomethacin Potassium-containing salt substitute
Foods to avoid when taking Isoniazid High-carbohydrate foods
Foods to avoid when taking Levodopa Excess protein
Foods to avoid when taking Lithium Significant increase or decrease in sodium intake
Foods to avoid when taking MAO inhibitors Foods containing Tyramine
Foods to avoid when taking Methyldopa Excess protein
Foods to avoid when taking NSAIDs Asian gingseng, ginkgo
Foods to avoid when taking Penicillin G Carbonated beverages, acidic juices
Foods to avoid when taking Phenytoin Excess protein
Foods to avoid when taking Potassium-sparing diuretics Potassium-containing salt substitute
Foods to avoid when taking -statin medications Grapefruit and grapefruit juice
Foods to avoid when taking Tetracycline Iron-rich food or supplements, calcium
Foods to avoid when taking Theophylline Excess protein
Foods to avoid when taking Warfarin Vitamin K- rich foods and supplements, asian ginseng, feverfew, garlic, ginger, ginkgo, St. John's wort, green tea
Foods to avoid when taking Zidovudine Excess fat
Created by: chrisdang
 

 



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