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Module 2 Lesson 2

Mixtures and Solutions

TermDefinition
distillation uses different boiling points of substances to separate them; is not used to separate colloids
alloy a metal made by combining two or more metallic elements, especially to give greater strength or resistance to corrosion.
solubility the maximum amount of solute that can dissolve in a solvent
colloid particles are scattered throughout and block the passage of light
solvent the liquid in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution.
mixture a physical combination of two or more substances that are blended together without forming a new substance
solute the minor component in a solution, dissolved in the solvent.
solution a mixture of substances that are blended so completely that the mixture looks the same everywhere (sugar water and cranberry juice)
dilute make (a liquid) thinner or weaker by adding water or another solvent to it
chemical change example baking soda and vinegar
physical change example colored water
temperature and solubility related The higher the temperature of the solvent, the higher the solubility.
Created by: jkimball