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SOMI Procedures 101

basic terminology and definitions dealing with imaging procedures

QuestionAnswer
What is the plane that divides the body into equal left and right halves? Midsagittal plane (MSP)
What is the plane that divides the body into equal anterior and posterior halves? Midcoronal plane (MCP)
What is the plane that divides the body axially into superior and inferior portions? Transverse/horizontal plane
What positioning term refers to the body's physical position, i.e. recumbent, erect, prone, supine, etc.? Radiographic position
What positioning term describes the path of the CR i.e. PA, AP? Radiographic projection
What positioning term describes the body part as seen by the IR and is infrequently used? Radiographic view
What term describes lying down in any position? Recumbent
What term describes lying on back, face up? Supine
What term describes lying on abdomen, face down? Prone
What term describes lying supine, prone, or lateral, using a horizontal CR? Decubitus
What position is described as erect/upright/standing or sitting up facing the IR? Anterior position
What position is described as erect/upright/standing or sitting up with back toward the IR? Posterior position
True of False. The oblique position can be achieved in the erect or recumbent position? True
Name the position. Body rotated, with right anterior aspect nearest the IR. RAO/Right Anterior Oblique
Name the position. Body rotated, with left anterior aspect nearest the IR. LAO/Left Anterior Oblique
Name the position. Body rotated, with right posterior aspect nearest the IR. RPO/Right Posterior Oblique
Name the position. Body rotated, with left posterior aspect nearest the IR. LPO/Left Posterior Oblique
Name the body habitus. 5%, body large and heavy, bony framework thick short and wide, high lungs and heart, stomach transverse, colon/ large bowel peripheral, gall bladder high and lateral. Hypersthenic
Name the body habitus. 10%, body slender and light, bony framework delicate, thorax long and narrow, stomach low and long ("fish hook"), colon large bowel low, medial and redundant, gallbladder low and medial. Asthenic
Name the body habitus. 50%, build average and athletic, similar to hypersthenic, but modified by elongation of abdomen and thorax. Sthenic
Name the body habitus. 35%, somewhat slighter, less robust, similar to asthenic but stomach, intestines, and gallbladder situated higher in abdomen. Hyposthenic
How many quadrants are there in the abdomen and what are they? 4, RUQ/right upper quadrant, LUQ/left upper quadrant, RLQ/right lower quadrant, and LLQ/left lower quadrant
How many regions are there in the abdomen? 9
What are the top two outside regions of the abdomen called?? Right and Left hypochondrium
What is the top middle region of the abdomen called? Epigastrium
What are the two outside middle regions of the abdomen called? Right and Left lumbar
What is the middle region of the abdomen called? Umbilical
What are the bottom two outside regions of the abdomen called? Right and Left Iliac
What is the bottom middle region of the abdomen called? Hypogastric
What vertebrae is at the level of the mastoid process? C1
What vertebrae is at the level of the thyroid cartilage? C5
What vertebrae are at the level of the suprasternal notch? T2 and T3
What vertebrae is at the level of the sternal angle? T4
What vertebrae is at the level of the xyphoid process? T10
What vertebrae is at the level of the iliac crest? L4
What parts of the spine are at the level of the ASIS? S1 and S2
What part of the spine is at the level of the symphysis pubis and the greater trochanter? Coccyx
What term is defined as toward the upper part of the structure? superior
What term is defined as toward the lower part of the structure? inferior
What terms are defined as nearer to or at the front of the body? anterior/ventral
What terms are defined as nearer to or at the back of the body? posterior/dorsal
What term is defined as being nearer to the midline of the body? medial
What term is defined as being away from the midline of the body? lateral
What term is defined as being nearer the point of attachment? proximal
What term is defined as being farther from the point of attachment? distal
What term is defined as toward the head? cephalad
What term is defined as toward the feet? caudad
What is the term defined as turning the body or arm so the palm faces forward , with the thumb away from the midline of the body? supination
What is the term defined as turning the body or arm so that the palm faces backward, with the thumb toward the midline of the body? pronation
What term is defined as the movement of a body part away from the body's midsagittal plane? abduction
What term is defined as the movement of a body part toward the body's midsagittal plane? adduction
What term is defined as the bending motion of an articulation, decreasing the angle between associated bones? flexion
What term is defined as the bending motion of an articulation, increasing the angle between associated bones? extension
What term is defined as a turning outward or lateral motion of an articulation, sometimes with external tension or stress applied? eversion
What term is defined as a turning inward or medial motion of an articulation, sometimes with external tension or stress applied? inversion
What term is defined as the movement of a part about its central or long axis? rotation
What term is defined as the movement of a limb that produces circular motion; circumscribes a small area at its proximal end and a wide area at the distal end? circumduction
Created by: xraydude