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Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Arthrology study of joints
Angio Vessel
Antegrade with the flow
Anuria Absence of urine
Aneurysm AAA abnormal widening of the blood vessel
Ascites Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Appendicities inflammation of the appendix
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) enlargement of the prostate
Bezoar mass in the stomach formed by material that does not pass into the intestine
Boxer's fracture fracture to the neck of the metacarpal (typically the 5th metacarapal)
Calculus abnormal conretion of mineral salts, often called a stone
Cholecystography Radiographic study of gallbladder
cholangiography radiographic examination of the bile ducts with contrast medium
chole bile or biliary system
Cholecystitis inflammation of the gall bladder
Cholelithiasis stones in the gallbladder or the common bile duct
Choleliths gallstones (made from cholesterol or calcium)
colitis inflammation of the colon
colles fracture fracture of the distal radius with posterior displacement
cyanosis bluish or purplish discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane due to deficient oxygenation of the blood
cyst/o bladder, urinary bladder
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
cysto sack or bladder
blouts bow legs
chyme substance that has been broken down by the stomach and is sent to the duodenum
cystography radiography of the bladder following injection of a radiopaque substance
cystoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that is used to look at the bladder
cystourethrography radiography of the urinary bladder and urethra
deglutition the act of swallowing
diverticulum pouch created by herniation of the mucous membrane through the muscular coat
dyspnea shortness of breath
enteritis intestinal inflammation
esophageal varices enlarged tortuous veins of lower esophagus, resulting from portal hypertension
Fistula abnormal connection between 2 internal organs or between an organ and the body surface (abnormal pathway)
gastritis inflammation of lining of the stomach
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
Hematuria (gross vs. microscopic) the presence of blood in the urine
hiatal hernia protrusion of the stomach contents into the esophagus (through the esophagus hiatus)
hydronephrosis distension of the renal pelvis and calyces with urine (excessive fluid in the kidney)
hydronephrosis swelling of the kidneys when urine flow is obstructed in any part of the urinary tract
ileus obstruction of the intestines
incontinence involuntary urination
intussusception prolapse of a portion of the bowel into the lumen of an adjacent part (telescoping into itself)
laryngeal edema usually resulting from an allergic reaction and causing airway obstruction unless treated
Litho stone
Jones fraction occurs at the 5th metatarsal
gout arthritis in which uric acid is deposited in joints
Mastication the act of chewing
Metastases spread of cancer from one site to another
Micturition act of voiding (250 cc)
Modified Lithotomy position used in a retrograde urography
Neoplasm new growth
Nephr/o kidney
Nephron the structural and functional unit of the kidney, numbering about a million in the renal parenchyma, each being capable of forming urine
Nephroptosis prolapse of the kidney (downward displacement or dropping)
Nephrotomography radiologic visualization of the kidney
Neurogenic bladder dysfunction that results from interference with the normal nerve pathways associated with urination (bladder that has lost neurons on inner lining--can't urinate)
Nocturia excessive urination at night
Osteopetrosis increased density of bone
Osteoporosis loss of bone density (decrease technique)
Parenchyma functional unit
Polycystic kidney massive enlargement of the kidney with the formation of many cysts (sacs)
Polyp growth or mass protruding from a mucous memebrane
Pyel/o pelvis, renal pelvis
Pyelography radiologic study of the kidney, ureters, and usually the bladder
Pyelonephritis inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis
Pyloric stenosis narrowing of pyloric canal causing obstruction
Ren/o kidney
Renal calculi kidney stone
Renal hypertension increase blood pressure to the kidneys
Osgood Schlatter pulling away of tibial tuberosity
Renal obstruction condition preventing normal flow of urine through the urinary system
Retrograde against the flow
Sinus tract a narrow, elongated channel in the body that allows the escape of fluid
Staghorn Calculi branched stones that fill all or part of the pelvis and branch into several or all calyces
Stenosis narrowing or contraction of a passage
Stoma opening in the body
Ur/o urine, urinary sysem
Uremia An excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood
Ureter/o ureter
Ureterocystoscope A cystoscope combined with an ureteral catheter
Urethr/o urethra
Urography radiography of any part of the urinary tract
Urticaria hives
UTI urinary tract infection
Vesicoureteral reflux backward flow of urine from the bladder into the ureters
Volvulus twisting of a bowel loop on itself
Zenker's diverticulum diverticulum located just above the cardiac portion of the stomach
Kyphosis abnormal increase in the thoracic curve
Lordosis abnormal increase in lumbar or cervical
Scoliosis abnormal lateral curvature--may develop a compensatory curve to compensate
Clay shovelers fracture avulsion fracture of the spinous process in the lower cervical and upper thoracic region (C7)
Spina Bifida failure of the posterior encasement of the spinal cord to close
Herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP) slipped disk
Spondylolistesis forward displacement of a vertebra over a lower vertebra, usually L5-S1
Sublaxation incomplete or partial dislocation
Pneumoperitoneum free air in the peritoneal cavity
Pneumothorax air in pleural cavity
Atelectasis collapsed lung
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) a chronic condition of persistent obstruction of bronchial airflow
Cystic fibrosis disorder associated with widespread dyfunction of the exocrine glands, abnormal secretion of sweat & saliva, accumulation of thick mucus in the lungs
Emphysema over inflation of alveolar "barrel chest"
Pleural Effusion collection of fluid in the pleural cavity
Pneumonia acute infection in the lung parenchyma
Situs inversus all internal organs on opposite side
dexrocardia heart is on the opposite side
Hemothorax blood or fluid in pleural cavity
C1 Mastoid tip
C2, C3 Gonion (angle of mandible)
C3, C4 Hyoid bone
C5 Thyroid cartilage
C7, T1 Vertebra prominens
T1 Approx. 2 inches above level of jugular notch
T2, T3 level of jugular notch
T4, T5 level of sternal angle
T7 level of inferior angles of scapulae
T9, T10 level xiphoid process
L2, L3 inferior costal margin
L4, L5 level of superiormost aspect of iliac crest
S1, S2 level of ASIS (anterior superior iliac crest)
Coccyx level of pubic symphysis and greater trochanters
Created by: mandy91lou