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Pharmacology

TermDefinition
Calcium Carbonate for gastrointestinal mineral & electrolyte replacement for osteoporosis, gastritis, electrolyte imbalance can cause constipation & rebound stomach acidity take vitamin D watch for tremors avoid high-oxalate food report kidney discomfort
Lisinopril Cardiovascular Ace Inhibitor reduce CHF after MI Side Effects-dizzy, fatigue, headache, insomnia, cough, hypotention, diarrhea, nausea report chest pain, palpitations, swelling of face DROWSINESS
Enalapril Cardiovascular Ace Inhibitor reduce CHF after MI Side Effects-dizzy, fatigue, headache, insomnia, cough, hypotention, diarrhea, nausea report chest pain, palpitations, swelling of face DROWSINESS
Ramipril Cardiovascular Ace Inhibitor reduce CHF after MI Side Effects-dizzy, fatigue, headache, insomnia, cough, hypotention, diarrhea, nausea report chest pain, palpitations, swelling of face DROWSINESS
Captopril Cardiovascular Ace Inhibitor reduce CHF after MI Side Effects-dizzy, fatigue, headache, insomnia, cough, hypotention, diarrhea, nausea report chest pain, palpitations, swelling of face DROWSINESS
Nitroglycerin Cardiovascular Nitrate managment of angina pectoris, treat CHF Side Effects-dizzy, headache, restlessness, weakness, blurred vision, hypotension, abdominal pain, nausea avoid alcohol store in dark glass container away from heat replace 6mo
Isosorbide Mononitrate Cardiovascular Nitrate managment of angina pectoris, treat CHF Side Effects-dizzy, headache, restlessness, weakness, blurred vision, hypotension, abdominal pain, nausea avoid alcohol store in dark glass container away from heat replace 6mo
Isosorbide Dinitrate Cardiovascular Nitrate managment of angina pectoris, treat CHF Side Effects-dizzy, headache, restlessness, weakness, blurred vision, hypotension, abdominal pain, nausea avoid alcohol store in dark glass container away from heat replace 6mo
Digoxin Cardiovascular Digitalis Glycoside treat CHF, arterial flutter, tachycardia Side Effects-fatigue, headache, blurred yellow/green vision, arrhythmias, nausea, diarrhea, hyperkalemia report nausea or anorexia wear medic alert bracelet
Metoprolol Cardiovascular Beta-Adrenergic Blockers Treat HTN, CHF, prevent MI Side Effects-fatigue, depression, insomnia, memory loss, blurred vision, stuffy nose, wheezing, constipation, diarrhea, bradycardia Notify HCP if slow pulse or dyspnea occurs
Carvedilol Cardiovascular Beta-Adrenergic Blockers Treat HTN, CHF, prevent MI Side Effects-fatigue, depression, insomnia, memory loss, blurred vision, stuffy nose, wheezing, constipation, diarrhea, bradycardia Notify HCP if slow pulse or dyspnea occurs
Atenolol Cardiovascular Beta-Adrenergic Blockers Treat HTN, CHF, prevent MI Side Effects-fatigue, depression, insomnia, memory loss, blurred vision, stuffy nose, wheezing, constipation, diarrhea, bradycardia Notify HCP if slow pulse or dyspnea occurs
Labetalol Cardiovascular Beta-Adrenergic Blockers Treat HTN, CHF, prevent MI Side Effects-fatigue, depression, insomnia, memory loss, blurred vision, stuffy nose, wheezing, constipation, diarrhea, bradycardia Notify HCP if slow pulse or dyspnea occurs
Warfarin Cardiovascular Coumarins For MI, thrombus, embolization Side Effects-cramps, nausea, dermal necrosis, bleeding, fever Dont eat much Vit K Soft toothbrush, gentel floss, electric razor medic alert bracelet NO alcohol/ antiplatelet meds
Heparin Cardiovascular Antithrombotic For thrombosis, embolism, arterial fibrillation Side Effects-hepatitis, alopecia, rash, bleeding, osteoporosis, fever No antiplatelet meds w/ Soft toothbrush, electric razor Wear medic alert bracelet Report bruising
Tinzaparin Cardiovascular Antithrombotic For thrombosis, embolism, arterial fibrillation Side Effects-hepatitis, alopecia, rash, bleeding, osteoporosis, fever No antiplatelet meds w/ Soft toothbrush, electric razor Wear medic alert bracelet Report bruising
Amlodipine Cardiovascular Calcium Channel Blocker Treatment of hypertension, angina, arrhythmias Side Effects-anxiety,confusion, dizzy, drowsy, headache, blurred vison, edema, chest pain, constipation, diarrhea, dermatitis, Report unrelieved chest pain or SOB
Nifedipine Cardiovascular Calcium Channel Blocker Treatment of hypertension, angina, arrhythmias Side Effects-anxiety,confusion, dizzy, drowsy, headache, blurred vison, edema, chest pain, constipation, diarrhea, dermatitis, Report unrelieved chest pain or SOB
Verapamil Cardiovascular Calcium Channel Blocker Treatment of hypertension, angina, arrhythmias Side Effects-anxiety,confusion, dizzy, drowsy, headache, blurred vison, edema, chest pain, constipation, diarrhea, dermatitis, Report unrelieved chest pain or SOB
Diltiazem Cardiovascular Calcium Channel Blocker Treatment of hypertension, angina, arrhythmias Side Effects-anxiety,confusion, dizzy, drowsy, headache, blurred vison, edema, chest pain, constipation, diarrhea, dermatitis, Report unrelieved chest pain or SOB
Losartan Cardiovascular Angiotensin 2 Receptor Antagonist for HTN, CHF, reduce stroke risk, Side Effects-dizzy, fatigue, headache, diarrhea, hepatitis, renal failure, hyperkalemia DROWSINESS women use contraception NO salt subs Report nausea, diarrhea
Candesartan Cardiovascular Angiotensin 2 Receptor Antagonist for HTN, CHF, reduce stroke risk, Side Effects-dizzy, fatigue, headache, diarrhea, hepatitis, renal failure, hyperkalemia DROWSINESS women use contraception NO salt subs Report nausea, diarrhea
Valsartan Cardiovascular Angiotensin 2 Receptor Antagonist for HTN, CHF, reduce stroke risk, Side Effects-dizzy, fatigue, headache, diarrhea, hepatitis, renal failure, hyperkalemia DROWSINESS women use contraception NO salt subs Report nausea, diarrhea
Irbesartan Cardiovascular Angiotensin 2 Receptor Antagonist for HTN, CHF, reduce stroke risk, Side Effects-dizzy, fatigue, headache, diarrhea, hepatitis, renal failure, hyperkalemia DROWSINESS women use contraception NO salt subs Report nausea, diarrhea
Atropine Cardiovascular Anticholinergic For oral & resp secretions, sinus bradycardia, heart block Side Effects-drowsy, confusion, blurred vision, dry eyes, dry moth, constipation, erectile dysfunction, edema DROWSINESS/VISION CHANGES Impairs heat regulation
Atorvastatin Cardiovascular HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor Prevention of MI, stroke, angina Side Effects-dizzy, headache, insomnia, chest pain, edema, cramps, constipation, diarrhea, rash Only 1 qt grapefruit juice q.d NO PREGNANCY Notify if muscle pain and fever
Simvastatin Cardiovascular HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor Prevention of MI, stroke, angina Side Effects-dizzy, headache, insomnia, chest pain, edema, cramps, constipation, diarrhea, rash Only 1 qt grapefruit juice q.d NO PREGNANCY Notify if muscle pain and fever
Rosuvastatin Cardiovascular HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor Prevention of MI, stroke, angina Side Effects-dizzy, headache, insomnia, chest pain, edema, cramps, constipation, diarrhea, rash Only 1 qt grapefruit juice q.d NO PREGNANCY Notify if muscle pain and fever
Lovastatin Cardiovascular HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor Prevention of MI, stroke, angina Side Effects-dizzy, headache, insomnia, chest pain, edema, cramps, constipation, diarrhea, rash Only 1 qt grapefruit juice q.d NO PREGNANCY Notify if muscle pain and fever
Protamine Sulfate Cardiovascular Antiheparin Mangagment of heperin, cardiopulmonary bypass dyspnea, hypotention, hypertension, vomiting, bleeding, back pain report recurrent bleeding Avoid activites causing bleeding
Albuterol Respiratory Beta2-Agonist For asthma, COPD Side Effects-tremor, headache, insomnia, chest pain, palpitations, nausea, hyperkalemia Report immediatly if no releif from SOB wait 1 min before repeat use of same inhaler, 5 min for different rinse mouth
Metaproterenol Respiratory Beta2-Agonist For asthma, COPD Side Effects-tremor, headache, insomnia, chest pain, palpitations, nausea, hyperkalemia Report immediatly if no releif from SOB wait 1 min before repeat use of same inhaler, 5 min for different rinse mouth
Salmeterol Respiratory Beta2-Agonist For asthma, COPD Side Effects-tremor, headache, insomnia, chest pain, palpitations, nausea, hyperkalemia Report immediatly if no releif from SOB wait 1 min before repeat use of same inhaler, 5 min for different rinse mouth
Formoterol Respiratory Beta2-Agonist For asthma, COPD Side Effects-tremor, headache, insomnia, chest pain, palpitations, nausea, hyperkalemia Report immediatly if no releif from SOB wait 1 min before repeat use of same inhaler, 5 min for different rinse mouth
Levalbuteral Respiratory Beta2-Agonist For asthma, COPD Side Effects-tremor, headache, insomnia, chest pain, palpitations, nausea, hyperkalemia Report immediatly if no releif from SOB wait 1 min before repeat use of same inhaler, 5 min for different rinse mouth
Acetylcysteine Respiratory Mucolytic Manage overdose of acetaminophen Side Effects-drowsy, vasodilation, bronchospasm, chest tightness, nausea, rash, clamminess, allergic reactions, chills, fever cough before taking face may be sticky after suctioning may be need
Guaifenesin Respiratory Expectorant Treatment for coughs from viral upper respiratory tract infection & chronic lung conditions Side Effects-headache, nausea, diarrhea, stomach pain, rash DIZZY Cough effectivly limit talking, smoking, maintain moisture in area
Aminophylline Respiratory Xanthine For asthma, COPD Side Effects-seizures, anxiety, insomnia, headache, nausea, cramps, tremor TAKEN @ SAME TIME ^ fluids avoid caffeine No charbroiled meats, much pepper, cruciferous vegs Take Vitamin B6 Avoid alcohol
Theophylline Respiratory Xanthine For asthma, COPD Side Effects-seizures, anxiety, insomnia, headache, nausea, cramps, tremor TAKEN @ SAME TIME ^ fluids avoid caffeine No charbroiled meats, much pepper, cruciferous vegs Take Vitamin B6 Avoid alcohol
Created by: mandylol1
 

 



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