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Stack #26923

TENS

QuestionAnswer
what does tens stand for? transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
what does tens mean? through the skin electrical stimulation
what is tens designed to do for the patient? reduce pain
what is an advantage of a tens unit? it is compact- it can be used as a home program
tens is an alternative to narcotics
therapists try to use tens as a first resort compared to doctors who try to use it as a last resort
what type of waveform is the tens? biphasic usually balanced
what type of current is tens? alternating current
what are the two types of tens ? conventional tens(high frequency) & low frequency tens
what is modulated tens? changes how the current goes into the body so the patient does not get use to it
what is burst modulation tens? goes on off on off on off
what is the pulse width? the lenghth of on time measured in microsecond
how many microseconds is tens usually? any where between 50-400. however 400 will be more uncomfortable
how much do we turn up the intensity/amplitude for tens? turn it up until patient senses it then stay for 30-60 sec then turn it up agian if they accomodate to it.
how many mA does tens go? from 1-100mA but go by pt sensation rather than the number.
which theory does high frequency tens use? the gate control theory
which theory does low frequency tens use? the endorphine theory
what is the gate control theory? pain signals are sent to the brain and you feel pain. when you introduce a different stimulus such as e stim your brain will not percieve the pain signals as much. Therefor you will have less pain.
what is the endorphine theory? by causing the discomfort with e stim the body releases endorphins helps body have less pain
when do you use high frequency tens? use for acute pain
when do you use low frequency tens? use for chronic pain
how do you use the high frequency tens? use sparingly for up to 1 hour while doing functional task
how do you use low frequency tens? 3-5 x's a day 20 min at a time sit and relax
what do you explain to the patient to do for a tens home unit? where to put it, what to do, not same place ever day, wash skin, don't use it in the shower or rain, no eyes, ears, open wounds, all contrindications, never on any one else, not on animals, call if any questions
Created by: JamieLynn