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Nail Care Unit 2

Cosmetology - Nail Care Unit 2

TermDefinition
Phalanges Also known as Digits, are the bones of the fingers or toes
Alcohol Extremely flammable, colorless liquid that evaporates quickly
Manicure Cosmetic service for the care of the hands, which includes skin & nail care, cosmetic treatments & procedures, polishing techniques & artificial nail applications
Base Coat Provides a colorless, uniform, adherent surface that protects the natural nail from stains that are sometimes caused by polish
Cuticle The small portion of non-living epidermis extending around the base of the nail
Wooden Pusher Used to gently remove cuticle tissue away from the nail plate & clean under the free edge; made from orangewood, rosewood, or other hardwoods; disposable alternatives for pushing back cuticles
Curing Also known as Polymerization, is the chemical reaction that causes hardening
Sodium Hypochlorite Commonly known as bleach
Healthy Nails Translucent, slightly pink, smooth, curved, is without ridges or wavy lines, & is free from disease
Activator A catalyst to help quicken the drying time of the nail wrap resin
Onychia Inflammation of the nail matrix
Onychorrhexis Abnormal brittleness of the nail plate
Polymer A concentrate or powder made up of acrylic powder that when mixed with a monomer forms a nail enhancement
Fabric Wraps Very thin & tightly woven materials, such as linen, silk, or fiberglass that are used to strengthen the natural nail or are applied over nail tips
Inhibition Layer The tacky, film-like layer that forms on the top of the nail enhancement
Onycholysis Loosening or separation, without shedding, of the nail plate from the nail bed
Stress Area Edge of the nail tip below the contact area that is the most valuable area, accepting everyday wear and tear
Ridge Overlay Also called, Ridge Filler, is applied under nail color, filling and sealing any ridges and hollows of the nail, resulting in a smooth nail surface,
Hyponychium Skin between the free edge & fingertip of the natural nail
Metal Pusher Used to gently scrape the cuticle from the natural nail; they are made of stainless steel & can be disinfected & reused
Remove Polish There are 2 types of solutions - Acetone & Non-acetone. Acetone solution is used to dissolve nail polish & remove nail enhancements from nail. Non-acetone solutions are used to remove nail polish from artificial nail enhancements without dissolving the nail enhancement
Onychomycosis Also known as Athlete's Foot, is a fungal infection that can occur on the bottom of the feet, as well as, between the toes, which can spread to the toenails
Position Stop Edge of the well that bumps up against the free edge of the natural nail
Effleurage Massage manipulation that produces light, gliding, stroking, or circular movements
Primer Liquid solution, containing methacrylic acid that is applied sparingly to the natural nail plate prior to acrylic product application to assist in adhesion of the enhancement
Onychosis General term for any nail disease or deformity
Quaternary Ammonium Compound Also known as Quats, is a standard name for disinfectants
Paraffin Wax A Petroleum byproduct that helps to seal & hold moisture in the skin
Paronychia Bacterial inflammation of the skin surrounding the nail plate
Ethyl Methacrylate Type of monomer that is a base material used in resins, solvents, coatings & adhesives
Onychocryptosis Ingrown Nail
Top Coat A colorless sealant applied over polish to add a shiny protective layer which will prevent chipping, peeling & fading
Leukonychia Also known as White Spots, whitish discoloration of the nails caused by injury
Tip Cutters Specially designed to cut the nail tip with little stress to the ABS plastic nail
Tinea Pedis Also known as Athlete's Foot, is a fungal infection that can occur on the bottom of the feet, as well as, between the toes, which can spread to the toenails
100 to 180 Abrasive Low Grit, quickly reduces the thickness and/or surface of a nail enhancement
Monomer Liquid that mixes with acrylic powder & binds the acrylic polymers to form a nail enhancement
Gel Polish Nail polish that has an added component that is soft & sticky & needs to be exposed to Ultraviolet light from a UV lamp to make it set & harden or cure
Athlete's Foot Also known as Tinea Pedis, is a fungal infection that can occur on the bottom of the feet, as well as, between the toes, which can spread to the toenails
Square nails Provide great support & strength between the width of the nail comprises the entire free edge
Nail Dehydrator A Liquid Solution applied first to the natural nail to help eliminate moisture, which will ensure proper adhesion of a nail enhancement
Nail Rasp Metal tool that has a grooved edge, this tool is typically used for pedicures to smooth & file the free edge
Nail Wrap Resin Used to adhere the fabric wrap to the natural nail or nail tip
How often do we sanitize manicuring implements? Immediately after each guest
Created by: goofeejules