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Solubility Quiz Card

Question/TermAnswer/Definition
soluble a substance that can be dissolved in another
What is an example of soluble? sugar in tea
Insoluble a substance that cannot be dissolved in another
What is an example of insoluble? marble or rock in water
Dissolve to break up into particles too small to see with the naked eye
What are different ways to dissolve solids, liquids, and gases? solid to liquid-> increase temp.(ice), stir (ice tea mix), grind up gas to liquid->cool, increase pressure
Solvent the part of a solution that is present in the largest amount and dissolves a solute
What is an example of a solvent? water (that you dissolve the sugar IN)
Solute the part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolved by the solvent
What is an example of a solute? sugar ( the thing that gets dissolved)
Solution a well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute that has the same properties throughout.
What is an example of a solution? Air, Soft drinks, Glass cleaner, Gasoline
Solubility a measure of how much solute can dissolve in a given solvent at a given temperature
Concentrated solution a mixture that has a lot of solute dissolved in it.
What is an example of a concentrated solution? tea that is really dark and full of flavor
Dilute solution a mixture that only has a little solute dissolved in it
What is an example of a dilute solution? tea that is really light and watery, not very flavorful
Saturated solution a mixture that contains as much dissolved solute as is possible at a given temperature.
What is an example of a saturated solution? salt in water where some salt dissolves but than the water becomes saturated and no more salt will dissolve
Unsaturated solution a mixture that contains less dissolved solute than is possible at a given temperature
What is an example of a unsaturated solution? salt in water where there can be more salt added and it would still dissolve
Precipitate A solid that falls out of a solution as it is cooled.
Mixture two or more substances that are mixed together but not chemically combined
What is an example of a mixture? dirt (dirt, sand, plant parts)
Homogeneous mixture a mixture in which substance are evenly distributed throughout
What is an example of a homogeneous mixture? salt water, steel, air (won't settle at the bottom of the container)
Heterogeneous mixture a mixture in which pure substance are unevenly distributed throughout the mixture
What is an example of a heterogeneous mixture? fruit salad, trail mix, pizza (things that can be separated
Colloid a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not settle out
What is an example of a colloid? jello, fog, milk
Suspension a mixture in which particles con be seen and easily separated by settling or filtration
What is an example of a suspension? Italian dressing, snow globe, pulp in orange juice
When a solution is saturated the amount that is dissolved in 100cm cubed of a solvent is called ______ of the solution. solubility
The solubility of salt in water is approximately 36g/100cm cubed. That is ____g is the largest amount of salt you can dissolve in 100cm cubed of water. 36
When a solution of a solid dissolved in a liquid is heated, the solubility of the solution ________. That is, more solid will dissolve. increases
After a solution is heated, and then is allowed to cool, the solubility will __________. That is less solid will dissolve. decrease
If the solution is already saturated when it is cooled, the solid that can no longer stay dissolved will reappear as _______ called precipitate. crystals
If the solubility of a solution is measured at different temperatures and then plotted on a graph, you will get a _________ for that solution. This can be used to determine the solubility of the solution at any temperature. solubility curve
Gases can also be ______ in a solution. solutes
If a solution containing gas dissolved in a liquid is heated, the solubility will ________. That is, less gas will dissolve. go down
If a solution containing gas is cooled, the solubility will _______. That is, more gas will dissolve. go up
The _______ effect that occurs in a solution with solids and gases. opposite
Created by: 3116546