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Oral Comms

TermDefinition
Abstract words are not concrete or tangible items; only representations
Accent nonverbal behaviors that augment a verbal message
Acceptance the third step in the persuasive process in which the audience decides whether or not to agree with the position
Accuracy the truthfulness or correctness of a message
Active Listening listening to understand a message
Ad Hominem Fallacy when a speaker attacks the person, not topic
Ad Populum Fallacy when we attempt to persuade people by arguing our position is reasonable because people do it
Ad Verecundium Fallacy an appeal for persuasion based on a higher authority
Alliteration repeating same consonant or vowel sound at beginning of words
Ambiguous language does not have to be precise
Ambushing selective hearing to listen to weaknesses and not strengths
Antecedent hypothetical condition in major premise of a conditional syllogism
Antithesis two ideas that sharply contrast each other
Apologia a forensic speech making defense against accusation
Arbitrary symbols representing things that aren't connected
Arrangement Second Canon. Best way to organize.
Artistic Proof concerns ethos, pathos, logos
Asymmetric balance creating imbalances to create stress and energy
Begging the Question Fallacy Presuming things as fact that are not yet proven
Blending intermingling two words
Categorical Syllogism argument based on membership of a group
Channel Mode of a message being communicated to another group
Chilling Effect Discouraging others from speaking their minds
Civic Engagement Sharp awareness of ones own sense of responsibility to their community
Civility Using tact when dealing with others
Clarity clearly articulating what one wishes to say
Collectivism Culture values harmony in a group
Communication Apprehension fear of communicating with others
Complement action demonstrating the message contained in the verbal context
Conditional Syllogism major premise contains hypothetical condition and its outcome
Conjectural stasis dispute over whether something happened or not
Definitive stasis dispute over meaning of term
Deliberative Message discussing policies and actions to be taken
Demagoguery appealing to prejudices and emotions
Discourse communication through words and speech
Disjunctive Syllogism major premise has two or more mutually exclusive alternatives
Dyadic Interaction between two people
Either-Or Fallacy One must be correct and the other must be false
Enthymeme Syllogism missing one or two parts
Ethos credibility of speaker
Exigence point where response is invited
Forensic Message debate facts in a case and try to answer questions of justice
Ghost Writing write for and in the name of another person
Global Plagiarism taking whole speech and claiming it as your own
Hierarchical structured higher to lower
High Power-Distance Cultures uneven distribution of power
Ideograph ill defined, politically powerful term that can push people into action
Inartistic Proof all stuff that can help a speaker or audience but is outside and can aide
Incremental Plagiarism not citing parts of stuff borrowed from others
Inductive Arguement individual observations to comment on concept in general
Kairos adapt a message based on the situation
Kategoria forensic speech making an accusation
Kinesics nonverbal behavior of movements
Logos logical dimension of appeal
Low Power-Distance Culture equality
Lying by Commission willfully lying
Lying by Omission not acknowledging facts
Minor Premise specific case related to major premise
Monroe's Motivational Sequence Five Step organizational pattern combining persuasive and psychological elements
Narrative fidelity degree a story matches your own beliefs
Narrative Paradigm we're story tellers by nature
Necessary Cause condition that must be present for the effect to occur
Non Sequitur Fallacy unwarranted move from one topic to another
Patchwork Plagiarism stealing one or two bits
Pathos emotional appeal
Propriety good behavior and faithfulness
Qualitative Stasis dispute involving morality, ethicality, or value of an action
Red Herring Fallacy introducing a distraction
Refutation attack on another persons claim
Rhetoric ability to speak well and persuade others
Rhetors speakers
Schema mental representation of information
Slippery Slope Fallacy One thing leads to another and eventually gets bad
Socratic Questioning asking questions to uncover the truth
Stasis issue in dispute
Straw Man Fallacy subs a real issue with a crappy version
Style word choice, phrasing, and level of formality
Syllogism structure of a deductive argument that comes to an absolute conclusion
Techne some knowledge of current events
Created by: pax234