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Psychology Ch 1

vocab. taken from the first chapter of Psychology in Perspective

QuestionAnswer
empirical relying on or derived from observation, experimentation,or measurement
psychology the discipline concerned with behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by an organism's physical state, mental state, and external environment
critical thinking the ability and willingness to assess claims and make judgments on the basis of well-supported reasons and evidence, rather than emotion or anecdote
basic psychology the study of psychological issues in order to seek knowledge for its own sake rather than for its practical application
applied psychology the study of psychological issues that have direct practical significance and the application of psychological findings
psychiatrist medical doctor who has done a 3-year residency in psychiatry, the medical specialty concerned with mental disorders
psychologist has a Ph.D, an Ed.D, or a Psy.D.
biological perspective a psychological approach that emphasizes bodily events and changes associated with actions, feelings, and thoughts
learning perspective a psychological approach that emphasizes how the environment and experience affect a person's or animal's actions; it includes behaviorism and social-cognitive learning theories
cognitive perspective a psychological approach that emphasizes mental processes in perception, memory, language, problem solving, and other areas of behavior
sociocultural perspective a psychological approach that emphasizes social and cultural influences on behavior
humanist psychology a psychological approach that emphasizes personal growth and the achievement of human potential rather than the scientific understanding and assessment of behavior
feminist psychology a psychological approach that analyzes the influences of social inequalities on gender relations and on the behavior of the two sexes
reductionism the process of reducing a phenomenon to a single type of explanation or to a limited set of elements of a particular type
Created by: ArielHV